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OAK HILL, TX (BASTROP COUNTY)

OAK HILL, TEXAS (Bastrop County). Oak Hill was on the old Bastrop-McDade road four miles southwest of McDade in northern Bastrop County. The land was part of the Martin Walker grant on Piney Creek. Walker began selling part of his land in 1849, and the Oak Hill community developed. The earliest marked graves in the community cemetery are dated 1868, but other unmarked graves are probably several years older. In 1879 the Oak Hill school and church bought forty acres on which to build a new facility. The building was initially shared by Methodist Episcopal, Presbyterian, and Christian denominations, and in 1882 Baptist services began to be offered. Oak Hill was primarily a farming community, with cotton and corn grown as cash crops; vegetables and livestock were also raised, but mostly for subsistence. In 1905 the Oak Hill school had thirty-nine students and one teacher. When the county implemented a district system in 1907, Oak Hill became the focus of a common school district. In the early 1940s the United States government chose the area around Oak Hill as the site for Camp Swift, and residents had to move. Homes and businesses were sold, moved, torn down, or used as training targets. Though some of the land in the Oak Hill area was returned to its former owners in the late 1940s when the camp was reduced in size, the community was not rebuilt. Former residents established a cemetery association to repair and maintain the Oak Hill cemetery. The community name was not shown on county highway maps in the 1980s.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 

Fay Pannell, "The Black Cemetery at Oak Hill," Sayersville Historical Association Bulletin, Summer 1985. Duford W. Skelton and Martha Doty Freeman, A Cultural Resource Inventory and Assessment at Camp Swift, Texas (Texas Archeological Resource Report No. 72, Austin: Texas Archeological Survey, University of Texas at Austin, 1979). Ruth Smith and Fay Pannell, "Oak Hill: A Vanished Community," Sayersville Historical Association Bulletin, Summer 1984.

Vivian Elizabeth Smyrl

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Vivian Elizabeth Smyrl, "OAK HILL, TX (BASTROP COUNTY)," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hvo42), accessed October 24, 2014. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.