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SAN LORENZO, TX

SAN LORENZO, TEXAS. San Lorenzo was located in what is now southeastern El Paso, in southwestern El Paso County. Its origins date to September 1680, when Spanish and Indian refugees fleeing the New Mexico Pueblo Revolt settled in the El Paso area. By October 9, 1680, they had established a camp at San Lorenzo, where Governor Antonio de Otermín established his residence. In the early eighteenth century San Lorenzo developed into a prosperous agricultural community, and by 1750 the population consisted of 150 Suma Indians and a like number of Spanish. In February 1751 the mission lands that had been in the hands of the Franciscans were assigned to the Indians, but by 1754 the Sumas had revolted against Spanish authority. In 1760 the population of San Lorenzo consisted of 192 Spanish and only fifty-eight Indians. The community still existed in the 1860s but was no longer shown on maps of the 1940s, having been superseded by the community of Ascarate, which was later absorbed by the city of El Paso.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 

W. H. Timmons, El Paso: A Borderlands History (El Paso: Texas Western Press, 1990).

Martin Donell Kohout

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Martin Donell Kohout, "SAN LORENZO, TX," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hvs20), accessed July 28, 2014. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
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