HOWELL’S COMPANY LIGHT ARTILLERY
HOWELL'S COMPANY LIGHT ARTILLERY. Capt. Sylvanus Howell organized Howell's Company Light Artillery, also known as Howell's Battery and the Eleventh Texas Field Artillery, on April 22, 1862, four days after acquiring four guns. Howell recruited most of the men for his battery from Fannin County, Texas, and the battery served most of its time in the Indian Territory, Arkansas, and Missouri. It fought well in its first engagement at Newtonia, Missouri. In the battery's second fight, it lost all four of its guns at Old Fort Wayne, Indian Territory, when a Federal charge killed all of its artillery horses. Soon thereafter the unit replaced its lost guns with two six-pounders and two twelve-pounder howitzers but did not fight again until it joined Gano's Brigade.
While part of Gano's Brigade, Howell's Battery fought in the battle of Poison Spring in Arkansas and the Second Battle of Cabin Creek in the Indian Territory. After the later engagement, the battery covered the retreat of Gano's Brigade, allowing the rest of the brigade to safely carry off the large supply cache they captured after the battle. Following Cabin Creek, Howell's Battery joined Stafford's Battery and Dashiell's Battery to form the Seventh Mounted Artillery Battalion. Howell later replaced Capt. William B. Krumbhaar, also from Gano's Brigade, as major and chief of artillery for Indian Territory on March 12, 1865. By May 1865 Howell's Battery disbanded as part of Sam Bell Maxey's Division.
Anne J. Bailey, "Was There a Massacre at Poison Spring?." Military History of the Southwest 20 (Fall 1990). Anne J. Bailey and Daniel E. Sutherland, eds., Civil War Arkansas: Beyond Battles and Leaders (Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 2000). Alwyn Barr, "Confederate Artillery in Arkansas," Arkansas Historical Quarterly 22 (Fall 1963). Alwyn Barr, "Texas' Confederate Field Artillery," Texas Military History 1 (August 1961). Mark Christ, ed. Rugged and Sublime: The Civil War in Arkansas (Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1994). Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Texas, National Archives and Records Service, Washington. Lester N. Fitzhugh (comp.), Texas Batteries, Battalions, Regiments, Commanders and Field Officers: Confederate States Army, 1861–1865 (Midlothian, Texas: Mirror Press, 1959). Ludwell H. Johnson, Red River Campaign: Politics and Cotton in the Civil War (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1958). Robert L. Kerby, Kirby Smith's Confederacy: The Trans-Mississippi South, 1863–1865 (New York: Columbia University Press, 1972). Mamie Yeary, Reminiscences of the Boys in Grey (McGregor, Texas, 1912; rpt., Dayton, Ohio: Morningside, 1986).