BATTLE CREEK (VAN ZANDT COUNTY)
BATTLE CREEK (Van Zandt County). Battle Creek rises a half mile south of Midway in southeast Van Zandt County (at 32°23' N, 95°34' W) and runs nine miles southeast to its mouth at Kickapoo Cove on Lake Palestine in Henderson County (at 32°18' N, 95°30' W). The creek takes its name from an event of 1839. President Mirabeau B. Lamar appointed Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston to induce Cherokee Indians in East Texas to cede their lands to the Republic of Texas and vacate the country. Instructions to pay the Indians or remove them by force led to two battles, one at the Indian village at the creek. The surrounding low-rolling to flat terrain is surfaced by sandy and clay loam that supports scrub brush, cacti, mixed hardwoods, and pines.
Wentworth Manning, Some History of Van Zandt County (Des Moines, Iowa: Homestead, 1919; rpt., Winston-Salem, North Carolina: Hunter, 1977).