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CAROLINA CREEK

CAROLINA CREEK. Before being unundated in 1969 by Lake Livingston, Carolina Creek was a spring-fed perennial stream that rose at the confluence of two forks, West Carolina and East Carolina creeks, near the northwestern boundary of the Sam Houston National Forest in far eastern Walker County (at 30°51' N, 95°20' W) and flowed north for two miles to its mouth on the Trinity River, near the Walker and San Jacinto county lines (at 30°52' N, 95°20' W). East Carolina Creek rises two miles east of Dodge (at 30°45' N, 95°21' W) and flows north ten miles through northwestern San Jacinto County along the Walker county line, and West Carolina Creek rises two miles northeast of Dodge (at 30°45' N, 95°22' W) and flows north nine miles. Both forks now drain into Lake Livingston. They traverse gently rolling to nearly level terrain surfaced by sandy loam that supports loblolly pine, sweet gum, short-leaf pine, post oak, and black hickory trees near the banks. Settlement in the vicinity began in the mid-1830s. In the late 1830s the original Carolina community was founded in the vicinity of the forks' mouths; a settlement known as Carolina Mill existed farther upstream from 1870 to 1900. The Palmetto Park community is located just west of the west fork, and Staley lies just east of the east fork. The present Carolina community, first known as Gilbert Settlement, was established during the 1850s where the two tributaries meet. The Gospel Hill community has been located on the west bank of the west fork since the early twentieth century.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 

D'Anne McAdams Crews, ed., Huntsville and Walker County, Texas: A Bicentennial History (Huntsville, Texas: Sam Houston State University, 1976).

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

"CAROLINA CREEK," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/rbc88), accessed October 30, 2014. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.