FIVEMILE CREEK (DALLAS COUNTY)
FIVEMILE CREEK (Dallas County). Fivemile Creek rises in Duncanville about two miles from Redbird Airport in southwestern Dallas County (at 32°40' N, 96°54' W) and runs north-northeast for 3½ miles, then south-southeast, for a total length of about fifteen miles, before reaching its mouth on the Trinity River, a quarter mile north of Interstate Highway 20 (at 32°41' N, 96°42' W). The stream originally emptied into the Trinity about three miles south of its present mouth, but was diverted to feed what is now the Pin and Feather Club Lake, then later channeled into the Trinity at its present location when Interstate 20 was constructed. The stream passes through five city parks-Pecan Grove, Kiest, Glendale, Arden Terrace, and College. Where it has not been diverted into man-made channels, layers of Austin chalk and Eagle Ford shale lie under its basin. The soil in its drainage area consists of calcareous and clayey surface layers over chalky subsoils. Originally there were three vegetative zones within the creek's drainage basin: cedar brakes along the stream course and hillsides, riparian woodlands on the floodplains, and tall grasses on the upland prairies. Black bear, cougar, bobcat, white-tailed deer, and bison roamed the area. By the mid-1980s, most of the nearby terrain had been extensively developed for commercial and residential use, though the area around the creek's upper reaches remained relatively untouched.
Dallas Dept. of Public Works, Flood Plain Management of Five Mile Creek (Dallas, 1976).