KICKAPOO CREEK (COKE COUNTY)
KICKAPOO CREEK (Coke County). Kickapoo Creek rises in Middle and East forks northeast of Bronte in northeastern Coke County (at 31°53' N, 100°17' W) and runs south for eight miles to its mouth on the Colorado River, one mile west of Shawville (at 31°52' N, 100°17' W). Middle Kickapoo Creek begins two miles north of Jones Peak (at 32°00' N, 100°20' W), and East Kickapoo Creek begins four miles south of old Fort Chadbourne (at 31°53' N, 100°17' W). Though the branches are usually dry, floods in 1953 and 1957 prompted the building of a series of dams on the creeks. A dam on the middle fork impounded Kickapoo Creek Reservoir. The middle and east forks run south before merging to become Kickapoo Creek. West Kickapoo Creek rises three miles northeast of Hayrick Mountain (at 32°00' N, 100°22' W) and travels southeast to join Kickapoo Creek south of Bronte near U.S. Highway 177. The average length of the creek's branches is fifteen miles. The area was settled during the 1880s as ranchland, but by the 1980s much of it was made up of oilfields. The terrain is generally flat with local shallow depressions. Soils in the creek system are predominantly clay and sandy loams, and the vegetation consists primarily of water-tolerant hardwoods and grasses.