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POPE'S CROSSING

POPE'S CROSSING. Pope's Crossing is on the Pecos River and the Loving-Reeves county line one mile south of the Texas-New Mexico boundary. When the Pecos was a formidable watercourse the crossing was used by travelers to ford the river. Spanish explorers established a trail through the southwestern corner of what is now Loving County along the east bank of the Pecos and crossed the river at the point later called Pope's Crossing. Gold-seekers headed for California used the crossing in the late 1840s. On March 8, 1854, Capt. John Pope arrived at the Pecos River on a survey expedition to find the best railroad route to the Pacific. He forded the river at its least threatening point, the crossing earlier used by the Spanish and the emigrants. That crossing was eighty feet wide and 2 ½ feet deep and was later named for Pope. In 1855 Pope established Pope's Camp three miles downriver from the crossing and drilled unsuccessfully for artesian water wells. After the drilling project was abandoned in 1858, the route of the Butterfield Overland Mail was laid out through the future Loving County. The stage used the road and camp built by Pope and forded the Pecos at Pope's Crossing. In 1936 Red Bluff Dam and Reservoir were completed on the Pecos between the southern edge of New Mexico and five miles north of Orla, Texas. Pope's Crossing was inundated. The crossing had a rocky bed and was surrounded by light sand and gravel when Pope found it. He reported the area vegetation as mesquite bushes and abundant grama grasses. Current area topography is flat to rolling with locally steep slopes of windblown sand, alluvial material, and calichified bedrock. Vegetation consists primarily of sparse grasses, cacti, creosote bush, and scrub brush.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 

Robert W. Dunn, The History of Loving County, Texas (M.A. thesis, University of Texas, 1948; condensed in West Texas Historical Association Year Book 24 [1948]). Grace Thormann King, "Captain John Pope, First Driller in the Permian Basin," Texas Permian Historical Annual 2 (1962). Sue Navarro, "Four Square Miles Per Man, Loving County, Texas," Texas Permian Historical Annual 4 (1964). Waterman L. Ormsby, The Butterfield Overland Mail (San Marino, California: Huntington Library, 1942; rpt. 1955). Jesse Wallace Williams, Old Texas Trails (Burnet, Texas: Eakin Press, 1979).

Julia Cauble Smith

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Julia Cauble Smith, "POPE'S CROSSING," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/rip06), accessed December 27, 2014. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.