SHINNERY SPRINGS. Shinnery Springs is on the Pitchfork Ranch eighteen miles northeast of Dickens and just southwest of Dumont in northeast Dickens County (at 33°45' N, 100°36' W). The springs' gravity flow issues from several seeps in Quaternary sand and gravel on top of a hard conglomerate layer about a half meter thick, beneath which are Permian shells. The surrounding gentle to moderately steep slopes with high relief are surfaced by silt loam and sand that support bunch grasses and mesquite. Before early settlers in the area had windmills, they hauled water from the springs. The site was also the favorite campground of Quanah Parker's Comanches. A trading post may once have been located there. In August 1979 Shinnery Springs produced .3 liters per second of fresh water, which fed four water troughs and ran 200 meters before disappearing. The dark gray soils visible at that time indicated that a swampy area once surrounded the spring.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article."SHINNERY SPRINGS," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/rpsff), accessed December 19, 2013. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.