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PAN AMERICAN ROUND TABLE

PAN AMERICAN ROUND TABLE. The Pan American Round Table was begun by Mrs. Florence Terry Griswold in 1916. Believing that women could develop an understanding that men, with their involvement in commerce and politics, could not, she opened her home to refugees from the Mexican Revolution, and enlisted friends to aid them as well. On October 16, 1916, she assembled a group of women at a luncheon at the Menger Hotel in San Antonio, where they organized the Pan American Round Table, "to provide mutual knowledge and understanding and friendship among the peoples of the Western Hemisphere, and to foster all movements affecting the women and children of the Americas." Among the founders were Mrs. A. C. Pancoast, Mrs. Eli Hertzberg, Mrs. Joseph Burton Dibrell, and Mrs. Carlos Bee. Mrs. Griswold chose the medieval round table as a symbol of unity, perpetuity, equal representation, and opportunity. The founders selected a variation of the motto of the Three Musketeers: "One for all and all for one." Mrs. Griswold became the first director general, adopting the official title used by the head of the Pan American Union. She also followed that organization's policy in prescribing that each member of the Round Table represent one of the twenty-one American republics. The Pan American Union's principle that only through education and communication, not legislation, can understanding and friendship grow, formed a basis for the Round Table; indeed, cooperation with the Union and its policies enabled Mrs. Griswold to build a firmly knit organization. As this movement grew, other tables were organized throughout Texas. Laredo became the second in 1921, followed by El Paso that same year and Austin in 1922. The first Latin Table was organized in Mexico City in 1928; the first outside the United States or Mexico was begun in Costa Rica in 1936. By 1944 enough chapters had been formed throughout the United States and Latin America that an international body, the Alliance of Pan American Round Tables, was founded in Mexico City.

In 1992 twenty-four Round Tables met in Texas, with a membership total of 1,400. Other United States Tables are in California, Illinois, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Washington, D.C. There were 124 Tables of the Alliance of Pan American Round Tables in fifteen countries in Latin America. In Texas the Tables are nearly autonomous, each with its own constitution. The state organization came into being as a communication center rather than as a governing board. State conventions are held in odd-numbered years; alliance conventions are held in even-numbered years. Pan American Day, established by presidential proclamation on April 14, 1931, is observed wherever a Pan American Round Table exists.

Although membership was originally set at twenty-one, Tables soon outgrew that limit. Membership is by invitation and, where possible, represents both cultures. The criteria for membership are travel and interest in Latin-American countries, knowledge of the languages, and concern for the welfare of Latins within our borders. An inflexible rule of the organization is that its meetings are nonpolitical, nonsectarian, noncommercial, and nonfederated. Individual Tables sponsor various projects focused on education: libraries, awards and scholarships, revolving college loan funds for students of Latin-American background, and classes in art, music, and dance for schoolchildren. Projects at the international level have included the training of nurses and community-health workers. At the state level, all Texas Tables contribute to the Florence Terry Griswold Scholarship Fund. The Scholarship I division annually awards scholarships to Latin-American graduate students studying in state-supported universities in Texas. The Scholarship II division awards one or more scholarships to Texas-resident graduate students for study in a Latin-American university or other learning institution. In 1991 the Florence Terry Griswold Endowment Fund was established to assure permanent scholarships. Programs at Table meetings deal with the goals of education and communication or some phase of Latin-American interest. Guest speakers from colleges or universities are available as well as local members. An interchange library at the state level provides information on available programs and speakers.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 

Lois Terry Marchbanks, The Pan American Round Table (N.p.: Avon Behren Press, 1983). Vertical Files, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin.

Helen B. Frantz

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Helen B. Frantz, "PAN AMERICAN ROUND TABLE," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/vwp01), accessed August 27, 2014. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.