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THE VELVETS

THE VELVETS. This vocal group, formed in Odessa, Texas, in 1958, was led by vocalist Virgil Johnson, born December 29, 1935, in Cameron, Texas. Other members included Robert Thursby (first tenor), Clarence Rigsby (tenor), William Solomon (baritone), and Mark Prince (bass).

Virgil Johnson, an English teacher at Blackshear Junior High School in Odessa, had his initial singing experience as a member of the youth choir at New Hope Baptist Church in Lubbock. Since there was no black radio station in Lubbock when Johnson was growing up, he listened to such popular groups as The Drifters and The Clovers on the local drugstore’s jukebox. While a student at Lubbock’s Dunbar High School, Johnson sang with a local group before going on to Bishop College in Marshall, Texas, where he performed with The Dynatones.

After graduating from Bishop College, Johnson took a job at Blackshear Junior High School in Odessa. It was there that Johnson decided to form The Velvets after he heard students Prince and Rigsby performing as a duo. Johnson recruited Thursby and Solomon, and the group soon began performing at school and community functions, entertaining both black and white audiences. Roy Orbison from nearby Wink, Texas, heard The Velvets on an Odessa radio station and brought them to the attention of Fred Foster at Monument Records. Foster agreed to pay for the group to travel to Nashville to record at RCA studios. The first session produced four sides, including Johnson’s “Tonight (Could Be the Night),” which reached Number 26 on the Billboard pop charts in 1961 and became one of the first recorded examples using the “doo-wop” phrase. The Velvets released several other hit tunes, including two Orbison-penned songs that did well on the pop charts both in the United States and abroad. The song “Lana” hit Number 1 in Japan. The group went on to record some thirty songs; although thirteen remained unreleased until they were included on the 1996 album The Complete Velvets.

Despite the band’s success, they faced a variety of challenges. The Velvets were very popular among white audiences, but some black audiences did not think the group sounded “black” enough. It also was difficult for an African-American band to perform for all-white audiences in the racially-segregated South of the 1960s. In addition, the fact that several of the members were still students made it difficult for them to be on the road for long periods. By 1966 the group had disbanded, and members went their separate ways. Johnson returned to Lubbock to work as a teacher at Dunbar-Struggs High School until he retired in 1993. He was inducted into the West Texas Walk of Fame in 1994. In 2006 he worked as a deejay on radio station KDAV in Lubbock; he later retired. Rigsby died in an automobile accident in California in 1978. Robert Thursby still performed music in Hawaii. Prince and Solomon were no longer in the music business.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 

Curtis Johnson Interview by Andy Wilkinson, Lubbock, Texas, October 17, 2006. “Memories – Tonight Could be the Night, by the Velvets (Virgil Johnson)” (www.pbase.com/donboyd/image/67483507/medium), accessed December 4, 2010.

Grant Mazak

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Grant Mazak, "THE VELVETS," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/xgv01), accessed August 23, 2014. Uploaded on May 29, 2013. Modified on June 11, 2013. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.