The Fall of Monterrey


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At daylight on the morning of the 23rd, the column to assault the northern part of the town was formed inside the Palace's "Half Moon Battery." They presented a strange and terrific appearance, faces, and clothes all covered with a mixture of mud, morter, powder and blood, eyes bloodshot, with a hungry savage look which was truly fearful. Their costumes and arms added to the Banditti-like effect of the command. There was Rangers dressed in the mountain-man suits of buckskin, in Red shirts, Blue shirts, Mexican leather jackets, and serapas; Louisiana volunteers, each clothed as his fancy dictated, regular Dragoons, Artillery, and Infantry armed with "Kentucky Rifles," double-barreled shot Guns, Winsor Rifles, Harper's Ferry Muskets, Carbines, Revolvers, Holster Pistols, Sabres, Swords, Axes, and Bowie Knives. A look of determination was on each countenance, as they gazed on the City lying so quiet below. Rumors had reached us of defeat and disaster to our forces that attacked the eastern part of town, that we had met with terrible loss, and that Gen. Taylor was even in full retreat for Camargo, leaving us to our Fate...Taylor was still there!

Fight in the "Calle de Iturbide," Church of Santa Maria
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We were organized in two columns, one to take the right hand street Calle de Monterrey under the command of Col. Hays, the other to enter the city to the left by the Calle de Iturbide under Lieut Col. Walker. I was with the latter. Finally the word was given and with a roar like that of wild beasts, the two columns dashed down the hill and entered the city. Our column penetrated as far as the square "Plazuela de la Carne," and then we found ourselves in a hornet's nest; every house was a fort that belched forth a hurricane of ball; the flat roofs surmounted by breastworks of sand bags were covered with soldiers who could pour down a distructive fire in safety; the windows of iron barred "Rejas" were each vomiting forth fire and death. On we went at a run, stung to madness at not being able to retaliate on our hidden foes, we gained a large square, the "Plaza de la Capella," when artillery opened on us with canester!...

We halted under shelter of the walls of the church, and could hear the explosion of firearms and shouts on the street to our right, giving us to understand the resistance that the other column was meeting with. Our wounded were taken care of by surgeons who kept with us, the Mexican's were quietly disposed of by those humane fellows, the Texan Rangers.

Reforming, we dashed around the church, and found the street barracaded, and the same infernal fire was again poured in to us; we rushed over the breastwork, and wild yells charged up the street, men dropping every moment. It would have required Salamanders to withstand the fire that scorched us on every side. Our run came down to a walk, our walk to a general seeking of shelter in doors and passages. I stuck to Walker, who had gained my boyish esteem in speaking a kind and cheerful word to me in the terrible storming of Independence Hill. About a dozzen of us with Col. Walker were hugging a door mighty close, when a volly was fired through it from the inside. Three of our party fell. By order of the Colonel, two men with axes hewed away at the stout oak plank. Another volly was fired, when one of the axemen with a deep curse dropped his axe, a ball had broke the bone of his arm. Walker took his place, and soon the barrier gave way, and we rushed in. Some eight or ten hard looking "hombres" tried to escape through a back way, but they were cut down to a man. No quarter was given. In a back room we found some women and children who were not molested. Pickaxes and Crowbars were sent to us, also some six P'dr shells. A house on the other side of the street was forced and our men were all soon under cover.

Our advance was now systematized; one party composed of the best shots ascended to the roof, and now on equal terms renewed the fight. The rest tore holes in the limestone partitions that divided the blocks into houses, then a lighted shell was thrown in, an explosion would follow, when we would rush and we generally left from two to six dead greassers. We found plenty of eatables and large quantities of wine, and one house was a "Pulque" Fonda, or liquor store. To prevent us from getting drunk, the liquor was reported as poisoned, but we were not to be beat in that way; we would make a greasser drink some of each kind, no ill effects appearing, we would imbibe, while the "assayer" would be dispatched by a sabre thrust. When Mexicans were scarce, we used a Dutch artilleryman whose imperfect knowledge of our language prevented him from understanding why we gave him the first drink! and why we watched his countenance with so much anxiety. But the only bad effect it had was to get the Dutchman dead drunk, and the glorious so-so.

View of Monterrey
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How terrible war is! Here was this beautiful city of some twenty thousand inhabitants, containing some of the most beautiful women in the world, at the mercy of a band of undisciplined, drunken and enraged stormers. But I don't believe that one insult was given to a female during all the fearful scenes enacted in cutting our way through one mile and a half of houses to reach the Grand Plaza! On the contrary, every thing was done to sooth and quiet the alarm. From their actions, I should judge that most of them were of the happy mind of those laides of Ismail...

Rape has always had a conspicuous position in the annals of Mexican warfare, in fact some evil minded persons have stated that this general indulgence by the victors in their un-civil wars, is the cause of most of them! Some military Tarquin addresses being rejected by some scornful beauty, he will issue a "Pronouncenta," and raise the flag of rebellion. This will collect all the rag muffins and Ladrones in the vicinity, to storm the town in which his fair one resides, and then by force obtain that, which fair words failed to win. His followers follow his example. Other battles follow, more cities are taken, and some fine morning our amorous hero wakes up either for the "Garrote" or the Presidential chair in the capitol! How true this is, I don't know, but I am satisfied that the women expect it as a matter of course. I had gone into a room in one of the houses, when a Senoreita in the room commence to scream and threw herself on her back on a sheepskin bed, making a great display of a well shaped pair of legs! I tried to make her understand what I wanted was something to eat, not what she seemed to think, but she only kicked and screamed the more. I searched and found a pot of Beans and sat down to eat when madam raised her head and gave me a look, and if her countenance did not belie her, she was a dissapointed woman.

We reached a corner house of a block, as usual it was a "corner grocery" full of wine, aquadenta and Mescal. On the opposite side of the street we had to cross, was another of those infernal fortified stone walls, enclosing a house a fort in its self. It was now 3 P.M., all firing had ceased in the eastern part of the town, and from the loud cries of defiance, and increased boldness of our foes, we were satisfied that they had been largely re-enforced. Things were getting desperate, the men were all getting crazy drunk and unmanagble. With words of cheer, Walker ordered the door of the Shop to be thrown open and a dash made for the wall. The fire was so blinding that we held our heads down and shut our eyes, "going it blind."

One fine young fellow, a Texan named Lockridge, had been with me all day, in this affair he wraped a Mexican blanket around his head, and Bowieknife in hand led the charge. Our foes met the rush with so heavy a fire that the air seemed to rain balls. Bullets striking on the stone pavements and walls, ricochet and glancing from side to side, as we staggerd on. At least a regiment of infantry came up a side street, poured their fire in our flank, and then charged us with the bayonet. All fought now on his own hook, and fought more like devils, than human beings, with axes, club'd rifles, sabre and Bowieknife. We held them for a moment, then, inch-by-inch we gave ground. My Carbine and Holster pistol were lost in the Bishop's Palace, and I fought with my sabre alone. I was no doubt badly scarte, but I laid about me in great fury, yelling like a fiend, and when a soldier run on to the point of my weapon, which came out at his back, I considered myself quite a hero. Lockridge, whose huge knife was driping with gore, noticing the act, cried out "Well done honey! nothing like the cold steel for greassers."

I had now that tiger thirst for blood that will take possession of a man when engaged in close conflict, a desire to slay, to destroy life, that is a frenzy amounting almost to insanity, making men demons, indifferent alike to danger, wounds and death. I was in this state when a severe blow, dealt by a Mexican on my head with his clubbed musket, brought me to the ground and somewhat cooled my ardour. I with other wounded were dragged in to the "Fonda" in which all that was left of our party retreated, leaving over fifty of our men "toes up" in the street. The door was hastily barred, and a fire opened from the windows on the black devils, who were bayoneting our wounded left in the street. My head was covered with blood, it was bathed in "muscal" which made it smart as if fire had been put on it, and bound up in a "rebosa."

I soon felt better and full of fight. The cries of our wounded as they were butcherd drove the men perfectly frantic. They howled like wild beasts, such oaths! such fearful imprecations! Walker cried out "My hoses! I have sworn to sleep in the Post office tonight or in hell! Thar is no time to spare, try them again." The door was thrown open, when tremendous explosions of artillery shook the house and the street was swept by a tempest. Canister and bags of musket balls were fired into the ranks of our foes by our two six pounders, one of which had been brought along and mounted on the roof of the house in which we were; the other gun was unlimberd in the street, while a twelve P'dr, with the other column in the "Calle de Monterey" had been mounted on a roof of a tower facing on the "Plazuela de la Carne," and threw shells in to the fortified yard in our front. The enemy fire soon slackened, and we gained their position without further loss. The other column advanced no farther then the church of Sante Maria, where they entrenched and sent us re-enforcements.

For four hours untill dark, Hell reigned in this part of the city. The air was filled with the roar of artillery, the rattle of musketry, the bursting of shells, the dull heavy blows on doors and walls, the shouts and yells of the Rangers, mingled with cries of children and shrieks of women, made it a scene in which a Demon would delight. House after house we gained, cutting through longitudinal walls, bursting in to the presence of terrified groups of feamales and children. We must have seemd to them like fiends from another world, our appearence was certainly terrific enough to daunt the boldest, with faces and bare arms encrusted with black blood, long hair and beards matted and stuck full of bits of mortar, garment torn, with a variety of articles found in the houses fastened on their person, weapons all smeared with gore, and all yelling and shouting. What fearful apparitions to meet the gaze of a quite nervous family!

In one house showing unmistakeable sign of wealth, I came upon a group of ladies before a crucifix on a small alter situated in an alcove; three were young and quite beautiful, and dressed in pure white, two middle-aged women, their companions, rent the air with their shrill cries. Lockridge who was with me spoke Spanish like a native. He tried to calm them, but they threw themselves on the floor rolling over and over, the younger ones made no outcries but remained with their eyes fixed on the cross. One of the rollers sat up and in Spanish begged us to "spare the Senoreitas, and use them as we wished." This drove us out and Col. Walker placed an old mountain man as a safeguard over them.

In another house lay a mother killed by a random shot, with a little child crying beside her. In every house fearful sights told of the horrors of a town taken by storm! To add to the woe of the defenceless inhabitants, the garison in the Black Fort, finding that we were in possession of the northwestern part of the city, opened with morters, throwing huge bombs high in the air that fell in the streets and crashed through houses exploding with great violence. We pushed on, and one hour after dark, Walker with some fifty others gained a lodgement in the Post Office, a high stone building within one hundred yards and overlooking the Grande Plaza. Walker, when a "Meer prisoner," was confined in this house, and the knowledge then acquired, was of great benefit to him now. Among those who staid by Walker was Lockridge and myself, and we ascended to the top of the builden with the gallant Ranger, who had accomplished his oath.

Texas Rangers in Combat in the Courtyard of the Bishop's Palace
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The scene from the roof was magnificent, the rattle of small arms, the shouts and cries of combatants had ceased, darkness had settled over the city and shrouded its scenes of carnage in deep gloom, the dead horses and men laying in the streets looked black and uncanny in the darkness; to the north camp fires mapped out the position of our reserve. Gen. Worth's Head Quarters, the Bishop's Palace, was one blaze of light from the fires built inside. The occasional shout of a drunken stormer or the bray of Donkeys in the Plaza was the only sounds we heard. Silence fell on city and camp. Our wounded were stupified with stimulants and lay unconscious of their pains. This silence was broken by a roar in our rear, and a stream of fire shot up from the "Plaza del la Capella" showing in bold relief the dark towers of the Church of Sante Maria, and rushed over our heads with a strange roaring scream, and burst in the Grande Plaza beyond. Old Maj. Munroe had got his nine inch Morter in position and was trying its range! Another Bomb followed and broke through the roof of the Cathedral, and exploded inside. Tons and tons of ammunition were stored in the Church, and we were not two hundred yards off! The Major only fired these two, but the Black Fort opened and fired at intervals for hours. I made a bed of clothes found in the house, and slept sound untill daylight on the 24th.

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