|(date - date) - range of dates for main thread of events||Page|
|1.||The Trans-Nueces Country:|
(1770 - 1853) Boundary of Texas defined; area between the Nueces and the Río Grande contested by Mexico; early Mexican ranches.
|2.||Mexican Threats and the Texan Military Establishment:
(May 1836 - Dec 1838) After Battle of San Jacinto; mobilization for anticipated re-invasion; U. S. reinforcements arrive; threat wanes by Sept. 1836; army mutinous; threat renewed; militia organized in Dec. 1836; threat dissipates by Spring 1837; Houston furloughs army mid 1837; four militia brigades for four military districts; mounted riflemen and rangers; arsenal and armory at Houston.
|3.||Cattle Raids and Frontier Marauders:
(1834 - 1838) Many trans-Nueces ranches abandoned; large herds of wild cattle and horses raided by Mexican and Texas cowboys; Indian and Mexican marauders harass border Texans; Texan marauders plunder Mexican traders; Texan government unable to bring order.
|4.||Mexican Threats of a New Campaign against Texas:
(Aug 1837 - Apr 1838) Naval battles; U. S. reinforcements arrive Fall 1837; new ships for Mexican navy; Dec. 1837 false news of attack on Alamo and response; militia strengthened Apr. 1838.
|5.||The Opening of Frontier Trade:
(June 1837 - Sep. 1838) Traders arrive from the Río Grande; French blockade Mexican coast (the "Pastry War"); some Texas import duties removed; no military movements allowed west of the Nueces; attacks on traders increase.
|6.||Lamar's Efforts to Protect the Frontier:
(Dec 1838 - Jan 1841) Banditti and hostile Indians between the Nueces and the Río Grande; plan for line of military posts six hundred miles in length; munitions requisition; election of generals; insufficient funds.
|7.||Lamar's Efforts to Promote Trade:
(Dec 1838 - Fall 1839) Tentative and dangerous trade with the Northern Mexican states; U. S. emigration encouraged.
|8.||The Córdova-Flores Incident:
(1836 - Oct 1840) Mexico incites Indians to commit outrages along the frontier.
|9.||Texan Participation in the Federalist Wars: First Phase
(Dec 1837 - Sep 1839) Opposition in Yucatán, northern Mexican states and the Californias against the Centralist government; Nov. 1838 northern Federalists in general revolt; Federalists gain support of France; some Texans join Federalists; supplies smuggled through Texas; Mar. 1839 France ends war with Mexico; mid-1839 Federalist forces suppressed.
|10.||Mexican Federalists Seek Support in Texas:
(1836 - 1839) Elaboration of political maneuvering and public debate by Mexican Federalists, Mexican Centralists and Texans; Aug. 1839 Texan border raids and Mexican reprisals, remnants of Federalist forces retreat to Texas.
|11.||Texan Participation in the Federalist Wars: Second
(1839 - 7 Jan 1840) Federalist army recruits idle Texans; immigration continues; Texan frontier defense companies formed; organization of Federalist/Texan army under Canales; Federalists enter Mexico and capture Guerrero; Centralists outraged by "Texan invasion"; Centralist Pavón defeated; siege of Matamoros fails; Texan peace plan thwarted; militia organization continues; frontier safety suffers; plan for frontier forts evolves; Canales confronts Gen. Arista at Monterey, retreats to Guerrero.
|12.||Formation of the Republic of the Río Grande:
(7 Jan 1840 - Mar 1840) Remnants of Federalist army gather at Guerrero; Republic of the Río Grande and provisional government formed; more Texans depart; Centralist Gen. Arista overwhelms Federalist army at Santa Rita de Morelos, Zapata executed, Canales escapes.
|13.||The Republic of the Río Grande on the Frontier of
(Mar 1840 - Oct 1840) Federalist survivors withdraw to Texas; Texans protest presence of Federalists on Texas soil; rumors of Centralist invasion; Wm. S. Fisher's command at San Antonio reinforced; earlier buildup and deployment of Texas navy; Texan naval blockade urged; Texan government avoids commitment to Federalists, seeks peace with Centralists; Sep. 1840 peace efforts end; Jun. 1840 Yucatán rebels against Centralists; Mar. 1840 Council House fight at San Antonio enrages Comanches; plundering continues along frontier; Cárdenas visits Victoria; Federalists re-equip at Galveston and form at San Patricio; Federalists at Mexico City accept amnesty; Jun. 1840 militia sent home
|14.||Texan Participation in the Federalist Wars: Final
(Jun 1840 - Jan 1841) Lamar calls for volunteer regiment for frontier service; Lamar rejects offer to join Federalists; Jordan's company of Texans joins Federalist army, raids Laredo; Hundreds of Comanches raid Victoria, Linnville, to coast; Wm. S. Fisher and 200 men join Federalist army; Sep. 1840 Federalist/Texan army again enters Mexico, to Ciudad Victoria, halted at Saltillo; 12 Oct. 1840 plan to massacre Texans; Federalists capitulate, Jordan's company betrayed, fight back to Texas; 7 Nov. 1840 Canales' Federalist remnant capitulates, ending Mexican civil war in the north and the Republic of the Río Grande; Mexican threats to invade Texas.
(4 Nov 1840 - 1 Oct 1841) Mexican hope of invading Texas; rampant rumors of invasion; Col. Jordan strikes Sam Houston during argument; 12 Dec. 1840 Lamar's 3-month medical leave ; 14 Dec. 1840 status of the First Regiment of Infantry; Juan Seguin & Gen. Arista talk of invasion of Texas; Texan hawks want war, but treasury almost empty; a Texas census declined by Congress; frontier spy companies authorized 26 Dec. 1840; Texan First Regiment of Infantry disbanded, role assumed by militia; 4 Feb. 1841 law for mounted Minute Men; coastal survey.
|16.||The Southwestern Frontier: Late 1840-1841
(26 Dec 1840 - 9 Sep 1841) Spy companies on the frontier; H. L. Kinney deals with Mexican Capt. Villareal; rumors of Mexican invasion abound; marauders plague frontier settlers and traders; Capt. Hays' company defeats marauders at Laredo; illicit trade with Mexico flourishes.
|17.||Rumors of Invasion:
(5 Mar 1841 - 10 Jul 1841) Lamar returns from leave; Report of Arista with 9000 men puts Texas militia on alert; May 1841, invasion threat wanes, Lamar plans Santa Fé Expedition; pay fraud in militia companies; armed clashes with Mexican units; Mexico legalizes trade; Great Britain mediates for peace between Texas and Mexico; Mexico refuses Texas independence.
|18.||Mexican Military Commander Requests Armistice:
(21 Apr 1841 - 30 Sep 1841) Gen. Arista requests armistice during campaign against the Comanches in Mexico and Texas; Lamar dispatches two secret commissioners to Arista; Arista planning another Federalist revolt; Arista claims no hostilities planned against Texas or citizens east of Río Grande.
|19.||Capture and Death of Dimitt:
(May 1841 - 10 Sep 1841) Mexican raids on southwestern frontier continue; new coastal trading posts for illegal trade with Mexico; Mexican squad finds and arrests Philip Dimitt et al., competitors of Aubrey and Kinney; frontier Texans protest arrest; treaty with Yucatán for joint naval operations; Aubrey and Kinney arraigned for treason, found innocent; Dimitt et al. taken to Matamoros, Monterey and toward Mexico City; Escape attempt, Dimitt commits suicide.
|20.||Marauders Prey on Frontier Trade and Life:
(Jul 1841 - Nov 1841) Other Mexican raids in 1841; San Antonio registers foreigners; Capt. John C. Hays clears banditti from Béxar; some Texan companies illegally prey on traders; 4 Oct., lower southwestern frontier companies discharged, except W. J. Cairns' company.
|21.||Frontier Issues in the Presidential Election
(1841) Sam Houston vs Vice President David G. Burnet, with support of Lamar; points of contention; it's Houston and Burleson.
|22.||Frontier Raids, Threats, and Counter-Threats
(6 Sep 1841 - Mar 1842) Private plans for invading Mexico; Agatón Quinoñes and 60 men sack the Mission of Refugio, kill justice of the peace Henry Ryals; Agatón imprisoned by Arista in Monterey; John C. Hays to clear frontier; W. J. Cairns to oversee spy squads; Lamar launches Texas naval expedition against Mexico; annual messages to Congress; Cairns killed.
|23.||The Republic's Colonization Program:
(Jan 1841 - Oct 1842) Franco-Texienne Company Bill for colonization, Santa Fé Bill for developing trade; homestead law; westward colonization contracts; little settlement until U. S.-Mexican War.
|24.||Growth of a War Spirit in the West:
(19 Jun 1841 - 5 Mar 1842) Lamar's Santa Fé Expedition departs 19 Jun 1841, in bondage by September; conditions in Texas at end of Lamar administration; Lamar's actions argued; legacy of Expedition's failure; calls for war and vengeance; early 1842 conditions; Yucatán reunites with Mexico, Texan navy recalled; Houston's first message to Congress; Mexico prepares a campaign against Texas, obtains ships; Texans call for military preparation and response, in vain.
|Epilogue: (Apr 1836 - Spring 1842) Overview of period.||546|
|Appendix: (1839 - 1841) Muster Rolls of Col. Edward Burleson and Captains Mathew Caldwell, Micah Andrews, J. P. Ownsby, John T. Price, and A. T. Miles.||549|