return to lesson plan

TEXAS NATIVE AMERICAN TIMELINE

Planning Sheet 3

OVERVIEW OF ARCHEOLOGICAL CHRONOLOGY IN TEXAS

Find the missing data at the: Handbook of Texas Online. Left-click on Student Guide,
left-click on 3. The First Texans, left-click on the title of this timeline.

DATES PERIOD CHARACTERISTICS


earliest occupations by Native Americans, with Pleistocene or ice age ending around 8000B.C.; first peoples are known as Clovis and hunted mammoths and other ice-age animals


development of modern vegetation and fauna; hunting and gathering; possible period of aridity 5500-3000 B.C.


hunters and gatherers across Texas; rock art begins in lower Pecos; burned-rock middens in Central Texas


bison hunting in Panhandle, lower Pecos, Central Texas; increased trade; cemeteries in Southeast and South Texas


first mounds in East Texas; hunters and gatherers continue elsewhere


Toyah phase bison hunters; villages in the Panhandle; Caddo cultures in East Texas


Cabeza de Vaca; Spanish missions; entry of Tonkawas, Apaches, and Comanches