Craig H. Roell

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Matamoros and the Texas Revolution

The traditional story of the Texas Revolution remembers the Alamo and Goliad but has forgotten Matamoros, the strategic Mexican port city on the turbulent lower Rio Grande. In this provocative book, Craig Roell restores the centrality of Matamoros by showing the genuine economic, geographic, social, and military value of the city to Mexican and Texas history.Given that Matamoros served the Mexican states of Tamaulipas, Coahuila and Texas, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosi, Zacatecas, Chihuahua, and Durango, the city’s strategic location and considerable trade revenues were crucial. Roell provides a refreshing reinterpretation of the revolutionary conflict in Texas from a Mexican point of view, essentially turning the traditional story on its head. Readers will learn how Matamoros figured in the Mexican government's grand designs not only for national prosperity, but also to preserve Texas from threatened American encroachment. Ironically, Matamoros became closely linked to the United States through trade, and foreign intriguers who sought to detach Texas from Mexico found a home in the city.Roell’s account culminates in the controversial Texan Matamoros expedition, which was composed mostly of American volunteers and paralyzed the Texas provisional government, divided military leaders, and helped lead to the tragic defeats at the Alamo, San Patricio, Agua Dulce Creek, Refugio, and Coleto (Goliad). Indeed, Sam Houston denounced the expedition as “the author of all our misfortunes." In stark contrast, the brilliant and triumphant Matamoros campaign of Mexican General José de Urrea united his countrymen, defeated these revolutionaries, and occupied the coastal plain from Matamoros to Brazoria. Urrea's victory ensured that Matamoros would remain a part of Mexico, but Matamorenses also fought to preserve their own freedom from the centralizing policies of Mexican President Santa Anna, showing the streak of independence that characterizes Mexico's northern borderlands to this day.
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Remember Goliad!: A History of La Bahía

When Sam Houston's revolutionary soldiers won the Battle of San Jacinto and secured independence for Texas, their battle cry was "Remember the Alamo! Remember Goliad!" Everyone knows about the Alamo, but far fewer know about the stirring events at Goliad.Craig Roell's lively new study of Goliad brings to life this most important Texas community.Though its population has never exceeded two thousand, Goliad has been an important site of Texas history since Spanish colonial days. It is the largest town in the county of the same name, which was one of the original counties of Texas created in 1836 and was named for the vast territory that was governed as the municipality of Goliad under the Republic of Mexico.Goliad offers one of the most complete examples of early Texas courthouse squares, and has been listed as a historic preservation district on the National Register. But the sites that forever etched this sleepy Texas town into historical consciousness are those made infamous by two of the most controversial episodes of the entire Texas Revolution--the Fannin Battleground at nearby Coleto Creek, and Nuestra Señora de Loreto (popularly called Presidio La Bahía), site of the Goliad Massacre on Palm Sunday, March 27, 1836.This book tells the sad tale of James Fannin and his men who fought the Mexican forces, surrendered with the understanding that they would be treated as prisoners of war, and then under orders from Santa Anna were massacred. Like the men who died for Texas independence at the Alamo, the nearly 350 men who died at Goliad became a rallying cry. Both tragic stories became part of the air Texans breathe, but the same process that elevated Crockett, Bowie, Travis, and their Alamo comrades to heroic proportions has clouded Fannin in mystery and shadow.In Remember Goliad!, Craig Roell tells the history of the region and the famous battle there with clarity and precision. This exciting story is handsomely illustrated in a popular edition that will be of interest to scholars, students, and teachers.
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Handbook Entries

Title Contributor Type
Allison, Irl Leslie, Sr. Author
Aloe Army Air Field Author
Aloe, TX Author
Ander, TX Author
Angel City, TX Author
Aranama College Author
Arneckeville, TX Author
Bagby, Arthur Pendleton Author
Bear Creek, TX (DeWitt County) Author
Benavides, Placido Author
Berclair, TX Author
Bloomington, TX Author
Buesing, TX Author
Cabeza, TX Author
Cameron, TX (DeWitt County) Author
Carlos Rancho, TX Author
Chadwick, Joseph M. Author
Charco, TX Author
Clear Creek, TX (DeWitt County) Author
Clinton, TX (DeWitt County) Author
Coleto, Battle of Author
Coletoville, TX Author
Cologne, TX Author
Concrete, TX (DeWitt County) Author
Crain, William Henry Author
Cuero Field Author
Cuero, TX Author
Cunningham, Abel Seymour Author
Dacosta, TX Author
Davy, TX Author
De Leon's Colony Author
De Leon, Fernando Author
De Leon, Martin Author
De Leon, Silvestre Author
DeWitt County Author
DeWitt's Colony Author
Dimmitt, Philip Author
Dobskyville, TX Author
Duval, Burr H. Author
Edgar, TX Author
Fannin Battleground State Historic Site Author
Fannin, TX Author
Fant, Dillard Rucker Author
Federal Music Project Author
Fly, George Washington Lafayette Author
Fordtran, TX Author
Fort Defiance Author
Foster Army Air Field Author
Garcitas Creek Author
Georgia Battalion Author
Goliad Campaign of 1835 Author
Goliad Campaign of 1836 Author
Goliad College Author
Goliad County Author
Goliad Massacre Author
Gruenau, TX Author
Guadalupe, TX Author
Gulf, Western Texas and Pacific Railway Author
Haskell, Charles Ready Author
Hebron, TX (DeWitt County) Author
Hill, Benjamin F. Author
Hillyer Female College Author
Hochheim Prairie, TX Author
Hochheim, TX Author
Hopkinsville, TX (DeWitt County) Author
Hunter, William Lockhart Author
Inez, TX Author
Kemper City, TX Author
King, Amon Butler Author
Kleberg, Rudolph Author
La Bahía Author
Lea, Pryor Author
Lindenau, TX Author
Linn, John Joseph Author
Linnville Raid of 1840 Author
Linnville, TX (Calhoun County) Author
Lockhart, TX (DeWitt County) Author
Lyons, Lucile Manning Author
Manchola, Rafael Antonio Author
Matamoros Expedition of 1835–36 Author
McFaddin, TX Author
Meyersville, TX Author
Miller, William Parsons Author
Mission Valley, TX (Victoria County) Author
Mitchell, Joseph Daniel Author
Morales, Juan Author
Morgan, Abel Author
National Guild of Piano Teachers Author
Nordheim, TX Author
Nuestra Señora de Loreto de la Bahia Presidio Author
Nuestra Señora del Espíritu Santo de Zúñiga Mission Author
Nursery, TX (Victoria County) Author
O'Connor, Dennis Martin Author
Onderdonk, Gilbert Author
Owens, Elizabeth McAnulty Author
Owens, Richard Author
Pettus, Samuel Overton Author
Piano Manufacture Author
Placedo, TX Author
Pleasants, Henry Clay Author
Pleasantville, TX Author
Popeye Author
Portilla, José Nicolás de la Author
Price's Creek, TX Author
Pridgen, Bolivar Jackson Author
Raisin, TX Author
Ratcliffe, TX Author
Refugio, Battle of Author
Riverdale, TX Author
Rose, John Washington Author
Rose, Preston Robinson Author
Rose, Victor Marion Author
Salem, TX (Victoria County) Author
San Antonio and Mexican Gulf Railroad Author
Sarco, TX Author
Sayre, Charles D. Author
Schroeder, TX Author
Shackelford, Jack Author
Shearn, Charles Author
Shiloh, TX (DeWitt County) Author
Stayton, John William Author
Telferner, TX Author
Terryville, TX Author
Texas Federation of Music Clubs Author
Thomas Goggan and Brothers Author
Thomaston, TX Author
Thornton, Francis W. Author
Thurmond, Columbus Lafayette Author
Upper Meyersville, TX Author
Valley View, TX (DeWitt County) Author
Vásquez, José Antonio Author
Victoria County Author
Victoria Female Academy Author
Victoria Male Academy Author
Ward, William Author
Weesatche, TX Author
Weser, TX Author
Westhoff, TX Author
Westville, TX (DeWitt County) Author
Wood Hi, TX Author

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