Alamo Ranch Raid

By: Julia Cauble Smith

Type: General Entry

Published: November 1, 1994

Alamo Ranch was located between Alamito and Black Hills creeks, 5½ miles southeast of the Cienega Mountains in southern Presidio County. It was established by Victoriano Hernández, who settled preemption land on the so-called Chihuahua Trail (see CHIHUAHUA EXPEDITION) in 1874. Hernández built an adobe house of eight large rooms with thick walls, wooden floors, and heavy doors. He planted a large orchard and garden to feed his family, workers, and guests. Many celebrations and fiestas were held at Alamo Ranch over the years. The ranch was a hospitable stop on the route of traders and travelers. In February 1891 bandits attacked the ranch, wounded Hernández, and killed his grandson Oscar. The family buried Oscar at Alamo Ranch and erected a small chapel with a four-foot crucifix by the side of the grave. Presidio County provided funds for the prosecution of the bandits, but the names of the defendants and any verdict the court reached remained secret.

Virginia Madison and Hallie Stillwell, How Come It's Called That? Place Names in the Big Bend Country (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1958). Cecilia Thompson, History of Marfa and Presidio County, 1535–1946 (2 vols., Austin: Nortex, 1985).
  • Law, Law Enforcement, and Outlaws
  • Lawless Activities and Outlawed Activity

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Julia Cauble Smith, “Alamo Ranch Raid,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed May 21, 2022,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

November 1, 1994