John C. Alley, one of the Old Three Hundred, was the son of Catherine (Baker) and Thomas Alley. He immigrated to Texas from Missouri in the spring of 1822 with his brothers Abraham and Thomas V. Alley. A fourth brother, Rawson Alley, had moved to the Austin colony the year before, and a fifth, William A. Alley, Jr., joined them in the winter of 1824. The three brothers sailed from New Orleans on the schooner James Lawrence and landed on the west end of Galveston Island. They proceeded on foot up the Brazos River to the Fort Bend settlement and from there to the Atascosito Crossing of the Colorado, where they settled on the east side of the river. During the fall of 1822 or the winter of 1822–23, while canoeing up the Colorado, Alley, John C. Clark, and another man were attacked by a band of Karankawa Indians near the mouth of Skull Creek, and Alley and the third man were killed. The party of Indians also attacked and severely wounded Robert Brotherton. A group of Austin colonists tracked and defeated the Indian party near the scene of Alley's death. On May 16, 1827, Alley's estate was awarded a sitio of land now in Fayette County.
Is history important to you?
We need your support because we are a non-profit organization that relies upon contributions from our community in order to record and preserve the history of our state. Every penny helps.
Please make your contribution today.
Lester G. Bugbee, "The Old Three Hundred: A List of Settlers in Austin's First Colony," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 1 (October 1897). J. H. Kuykendall, "Reminiscences of Early Texans," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 6–7 (January, April, July 1903).
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.
Thomas W. Cutrer,
“Alley, John C.,”
Handbook of Texas Online,
accessed May 24, 2022,
Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Original Publication Date:
Most Recent Revision Date:
September 18, 2018
This entry belongs to the following Handbook Special Projects: