Amory, Nathaniel C. (1809–1864)

By: Linda S. Hudson

Type: Biography

Published: 1952

Updated: June 3, 2020

Nathaniel C. Amory, Mexican land agent, member of the Republic of Texas State Department, and partner of James Harper Starr, was born in Massachusetts in 1809. He traveled to Texas in 1835 as a private agent of United States citizens who believed they held land in Texas. Upon discovering that the land scrip they held was fraudulent, Amory became translator for Mexican land commissioner George A. Nixon. He received a quarter-league grant from the Mexican government on October 5, 1835. After the Texas Revolution he was employed by the Republic of Texas State Department and served as chief clerk in 1838 and 1839. He was secretary of the Texas legation at Washington, D.C., from 1839 to 1842 under Barnard E. Bee and James Reily. He was acting chargé d'affaires in Washington from January to March 1842, and with the assistance of the United States he secured the release of the Texan prisoners captured when the Texan Santa Fe expedition failed to conquer New Mexico for the Republic of Texas. Amory became the Texas consul at Boston, Massachusetts, on December 14, 1842, but returned to Nacogdoches in 1844 and formed a land and banking agency with James Harper Starr.

In 1854 Amory was elected a member of the Democratic party state central committee. He left the partnership with Starr on April 1, 1858, and returned to Boston, Massachusetts. Amory and Starr remained business associates and corresponded regularly until Amory's death on December 27, 1864, in Boston. Amory left two thousand dollars to Starr and the rest of his estate to his family in Massachusetts.

Alma Howell Brown, "The Consular Service of the Republic of Texas," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 33 (January, April 1930). Carolyn Reeves Ericson, Nacogdoches, Gateway to Texas: A Biographical Directory (2 vols., Fort Worth: Arrow-Curtis Printing, 1974, 1987). Thomas Maitland Marshall, "Diplomatic Relations of Texas and the United States, 1839–1843," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 15 (April 1912). Pauline Shirley Murrie, Early Records of Nacogdoches County (Waco, 1965). William S. Speer and John H. Brown, eds., Encyclopedia of the New West (Marshall, Texas: United States Biographical Publishing, 1881; rpt., Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1978). Virginia H. Taylor, The Spanish Archives of the General Land Office of Texas (Austin: Lone Star, 1955).

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Linda S. Hudson, “Amory, Nathaniel C.,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed May 25, 2022,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

June 3, 2020