In the latter part of the seventeenth century the Anachorema Indians lived north of Matagorda Bay on or near one of the major streams now in Jackson County, apparently the Lavaca River. Their village, which was visited by La Salle in 1687, was one of many Indian settlements along this river. Of these various settlements, only the Anachorema and Quara villages are identified in the records of the La Salle expedition. The Anachoremas are not referred to by this name in later times, and their ethnic affiliation remains unknown. Since they lived in an area dominated by Karankawan groups, it is possible that they too, were Karankawan. However, it is also possible that Anachorema is a French rendition of Aranama, the name of an Indian group that lived nearby at about the same time.