Bailey Anderson, Jr., soldier and pioneer, the son of Mary (Wyatt?) and Bailey Anderson, was born on February 25, 1788, in South Carolina. He received a common-school education. In 1795 he and his family moved to Warren County, Kentucky. Anderson enlisted in the War of 1812 on September 11, 1812, at Vincennes, Indiana, as a private in Capt. Thomas Spencer's Fourth Regiment, Indiana Militia. He married Winneford Bozeman of Warren County on January 10, 1814, but she died sometime after the birth of their son. Anderson married Elizabeth McFadden, also of Warren County, on June 4, 1817; they had eight children. The family moved to Arkansas Territory (now Oklahoma) in 1817. By 1821 they had settled in San Augustine County, Texas. Anderson was alcalde of the Ayish Bayou District in the late 1820s. He commanded a company of San Augustine volunteers at the battle of Nacogdoches in 1832 and offered the terms of surrender to Col. José de las Piedras. His most heroic service was at the siege of Béxar in December 1835. With thirty picked men noted for bravery, he captured Colonel Navarro's house in the heart of San Antonio. He moved to Harrison County in 1837 and was appointed a trustee of Marshall University in 1842. Anderson moved to McLennan County in 1853. He died on July 14, 1865.
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Nugent E. Brown, comp., The Book of Nacogdoches County, Texas (Nacogdoches, 1927). George L. Crocket, Two Centuries in East Texas (Dallas: Southwest, 1932; facsimile reprod., 1962). John H. Jenkins, ed., The Papers of the Texas Revolution, 1835–1836 (10 vols., Austin: Presidial Press, 1973). Memorial and Biographical History of Navarro, Henderson, Anderson, Limestone, Freestone, and Leon Counties (Chicago: Lewis, 1893). Helen G. S. Thomas and Dolly R. G. Barmann, Gilmore-Carter and Allied Families (Bowling Green?, Kentucky, 1962).
School Trustees and Regents
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.
Marjorie Rouse Willard,
“Anderson, Bailey, Jr.,”
Handbook of Texas Online,
accessed May 22, 2022,
Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Original Publication Date:
Most Recent Revision Date:
September 28, 2018