Bailey Anderson, Sr., Revolutionary War veteran and Texas pioneer, the son of John and Sarah (Carney) Anderson, was born on November 13, 1753, in Stafford County, Virginia. He married a woman believed to be named Mary Wyatt about 1770. The family moved to South Carolina, and Anderson, his father, and two brothers were in the Revolutionary War. His father and two brothers were killed. In 1795 Anderson moved to Kentucky, where he represented Warren County in the state legislature in 1800–02. In 1805 he moved to Indiana. Anderson Township in Warrick County, Indiana, was named in his honor.
The family started for Texas in 1816. Mary Anderson died and was buried on the shore of the Mississippi River in a hollowed-out cottonwood log. The family settled in Arkansas Territory (now Oklahoma), where they remained for two years. On August 4, 1817, Anderson signed a petition complaining about an Osage Indian attack on family members at Clear Creek. The family arrived in Texas by January 1819. Anderson had two great-grandsons born in Texas that year. During the Long expedition troubles, the family went back to Arkansas Territory but subsequently returned to the Ayish Bayou District of Texas in 1821. Anderson had a total of nine children. He is listed on the Texas Roll of Patriots as one of the forty-six Revolutionary War heroes buried in Texas. He died in Harrison County, Texas, on August 1, 1840, and is buried at Elysian Fields. A historical marker was dedicated to him on June 1, 1975.