Anderson, Jonathan (1798–1890)

By: Richard D. English

Type: Biography

Published: November 1, 1994

Updated: June 6, 2018

Jonathan Anderson, early settler, the son of Wyatt and Nancy (McFadden) Anderson, was born in Warren County, Kentucky, on February 11, 1798. When he was five, his father moved to Indiana; in 1816 the family moved to Indian Territory. In the summer of 1817 he was living in the Clear Creek Settlement of the Red River valley. He and his first wife, Nancy (Whetstone), arrived in Texas on his twenty-first birthday (1819) and settled in the Ayish Bayou area (now San Augustine). Nancy died not long thereafter, and Anderson was married in 1826 to Hannah English Payne (1797–1863), a widow who was the sister of William English. They had at least seven children. In 1824 Anderson and his family moved to the Teneha area (now Shelby County) and settled near a town called Patroon. Anderson participated in the Fredonian Rebellion. He consistently voted for Democratic candidates in elections after Texas became a state. He moved in 1849 to Panola County, where he was a pioneer settler and where he remained the rest of his life. Anderson married Sarah A. Biggers on February 10, 1864. He died in Carthage, Panola County, in 1890.

George L. Crocket, Two Centuries in East Texas (Dallas: Southwest, 1932; facsimile reprod. 1962). Gifford E. White, Character Certificates in the General Land Office of Texas (1985). Gifford E. White, 1830 Citizens of Texas (Austin: Eakin, 1983).

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Richard D. English, “Anderson, Jonathan,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed June 28, 2022,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

November 1, 1994
June 6, 2018