Andrews, Thorp T. D. (1851–1934)

By: Ray F. Lucas

Type: Biography

Published: March 3, 2021

Updated: March 3, 2021


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Thorp T. D. Andrews, cattleman, municipal storekeeper, banker, city councilman, and state representative, son of John D. Andrews and Louise F. (Griggs) Andrews, was born in Sparta, Georgia, on February 2, 1851.  His family moved to Grimes County, Texas, in 1853 or 1854. Andrews read law under H. H. Sneed of Waxahachie from 1870 to 1872 and was admitted to the bar before moving to Dallas and going into the cattle business with his brother. They relocated to Fort Worth after the extension of the Texas and Pacific Railroad to that city in 1876.

In 1887 President Grover Cleveland appointed Andrews as the Texas agent of the Bureau of Animal Industry, part of the U.S. Department of Agriculture devoted to controlling disease among livestock. He resigned the position the following year. Andrews was a member of multiple cattlemen’s associations. He was a member of the Stock-Raisers’ Association of North-West Texas (later renamed the Texas and Southwestern Cattle Raisers Association) and served as president of the International Range Association. He worked as the manager of the Home Land and Cattle Company (see N BAR N RANCH) for six years and spoke so frequently at cattlemen’s conventions that he earned the moniker “the cowboy orator.” He was a featured speaker at the Interstate Convention of Cattlemen held in Fort Worth from March 11–13, 1890. In later years (1908 and 1909) Andrews was the manager and secretary of the National Feeders and Breeders Show (see SOUTHWESTERN EXPOSITION AND LIVESTOCK SHOW) held in Fort Worth.

Andrews was active in community affairs and from 1882 to 1884 represented the first ward on the Fort Worth city council and was chairman of the city finance committee. He was a vice president of the City National Bank of Fort Worth. He was also a member of the Fort Worth Democratic party. Andrews was a member of the First Presbyterian Church of Fort Worth and the Knights of Pythias.

In 1910 the Fort Worth City Commission requested that the Seventeenth District Court appoint a committee to audit the city’s finances. Andrews was elected as the chairman of this committee. He also sat on the Tarrant County grand jury finance committee. After the establishment of Fort Worth’s first municipal warehouse in 1911, Andrews was elected as the first city storekeeper in charge of ordering, warehousing, and distributing supplies for the various departments in the municipality. He held the position until his retirement in 1930.

Andrews’s political interests were not confined to local politics. At its 1894 summer convention, the Tarrant County Democratic Committee nominated him for one of two representative seats. He and four others vied for the nominations. A motion was made to nominate Andrews by acclamation, but after bickering by supporters of other candidates, Andrews requested a vote—which he won. The vote was declared unanimous. The other Democratic nomination went to Robert E. L. Roy. At a general election campaign rally featuring both Democratic and Populist speakers, Andrews stated that, if elected, he would vote for Democratic candidate for the United States Senate Horace Chilton, who supported the free coinage of silver at a ratio of sixteen to one. In the general election, Democrats Andrews and Roy easily defeated the populist candidates, J. W. Wray and A. W. Hartman. Wray garnered 2,436 votes, Hartman 2,944 votes, Roy 4,459 votes, and Andrews 4,495.

In January 1895 Andrews took his seat representing District 78 in the Twenty-Fourth Texas Legislature. During his one term, he served on the House committees on Counties and County Boundaries; Finance; Internal Improvements, of which he was chairman; Public Lands and Land Office; Towns and City Corporations; and on a special committee regarding the redistricting of state judicial districts. The seven bills introduced by Andrews during the regular legislative session all died in the House. His legislative session was interrupted by the death of his wife, Mary [Mollie] (Sanford) Andrews, on March 4, 1895. A few days before her death from pneumonia, Thorp Andrews was called home from Austin because of his wife’s illness. He was home in Fort Worth at the time of her death. He did not run for a second term in 1896.

Thorp Andrews married twice. His first marriage, to Mary “Mollie” (Sanford) Andrews, ended when Mollie died in 1895 after contracting pneumonia. He married his second wife, Mary Offutt Adams, on March 17, 1897. Andrews fathered sons Percy and Julian by his first wife and children Thorp, Sam, and Fannie by his second wife.

Thorp T. D. Andrews lived in Fort Worth when his second wife, Mary, died in 1927. He fractured his hip in Corsicana on April 12, 1934. The injury contributed to his death from pneumonia in Dallas County on April 22, 1934. He was buried in Oakwood Cemetery in Fort Worth.

Gregg Cantrell, The People’s Revolt: Texas Populism and the Beginnings of American Liberalism (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2020). Fort Worth Daily Gazette, May 6, 1888; November 9, 1894; December 24, 1894; March 5, 1895. Fort Worth Star-Telegram, March 17, 1909; April 23, 1934. House of Representatives of the State of Texas, Journal of House of Representatives being the Regular Session of the Twenty-Fourth Legislature begun and held at the City of Austin, Texas, January 8, 1895 (Austin: Ben C. Jones & Co., 1895). Legislative Reference Library of Texas: T.T.D. Andrews (https://lrl.texas.gov/legeLeaders/members/memberDisplay.cfm?memberID=3501&searchparams=chamber=~city=~countyID=0~RcountyID=~district=~first=Thorp~gender=~last=Andrews~leaderNote=~leg=~party=~roleDesc=~Committee=), accessed September 21, 2020. Tarrant County Historic Ledgers—Election Records, 1878–1987, Tarrant County Archives, Tarrant County, Texas (http://access.tarrantcounty.com/content/main/en/tarrant-county-archives/holdings/tarrant-county-historic-ledgers/tarrant-county-historic-ledgers-elections.html), accessed October 13, 2020. “Thorp TD Andrews,” Find A Grave Memorial (https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/39388554), accessed September 21, 2020. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Animal Industry, Proceedings of an Interstate Convention of Cattlemen, Held at Fort Worth, Texas March 11, 12, 13 1890 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1890).

Categories:

  • Agriculture
  • Business
  • Politics and Government
  • Government Officials
  • House
  • State Legislators
  • Twenty-fourth Legislature (1895)
  • Ranching and Cowboys
  • Cattle Management
  • Ranchers and Cattlemen

Time Periods:

  • Late Nineteenth-Century Texas
  • Progressive Era
  • Texas in the 1920s

Places:

  • North Texas
  • Dallas/Fort Worth Region
  • Fort Worth

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Ray F. Lucas, “Andrews, Thorp T. D.,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed September 21, 2021, https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/andrews-thorp-t-d.

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March 3, 2021
March 3, 2021

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