Anson, TX


By: Connie Ricci

Type: General Entry

Published: 1976

Updated: November 1, 1994


Anson, the county seat of Jones County, is at the intersection of U.S. highways 83/277 and 180 at the center of the county. The town was established at Fort Phantom Hill but was moved to its present location when an enterprising speculator, John Merchant, anticipated that the Texas and Pacific Railway would go through the new site. Merchant's offer of land induced McD. Bowyer and P. S. Tipton to open a general store and a hotel. Though the railroad never materialized, the founding of Anson, then known as Jones City, had occurred. On July 17, 1881, Jones City was declared county seat. By 1882 the town had been renamed Anson, again in honor of Anson Jones, last president of the Republic of Texas. By 1883 Dick Davis had established the Texas Western, Anson's first newspaper. In 1909 county commissioners engaged Elmer Withers to design a new courthouse, which was completed in 1910 at a cost of $100,000.

In 1926 the Phillips Petroleum Company struck oil southwest of Anson, a discovery that led to exploration throughout Jones County. The Bullard oilfield opened one mile southwest of Anson in 1950. In addition to serving as a supply center for the county's agricultural and oil industries, in 1980 Anson produced concrete, magnetic signs, and polished rock. The population of 2,831 was served by a bank, a savings and loan, 100 businesses, and a newspaper, the Western Observer. Despite its modern economic activities, the town has not forgotten its western heritage. The Cowboys' Christmas Ball, initiated in December 1885 by M. G. Rhoads at his Star Hotel, continues to be a traditional event (see CHITTENDEN, WILLIAM LAWRENCE). In 1990 the population was 2,644. The population decreased slightly in 2000 to 2,556.

Hooper Shelton and Homer Hutto, The First 100 Years of Jones County (Stamford, Texas: Shelton, 1978). Anson Western-Enterprise, August 24, 1933.
Places:
  • Communities

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Connie Ricci, “Anson, TX,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed May 24, 2022, https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/anson-tx.

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

1976
November 1, 1994

Place
Anson
Currently Exists
Yes
Place Type
Town
USGS ID
2409713
Town Fields
  • Has post office: Yes
  • Is Incorporated: Yes
Belongs to
  • Jones County
Associated Names

Jones City

Coordinates
  • Latitude: 32.75493230°
  • Longitude: -99.89623700°
Population Counts
People Year
1,842 1910
1,425 1920
2,093 1930
2,338 1940
2,708 1950
2,890 1960
2,615 1970
2,831 1980
2,644 1990
2,556 2000
2,430 2010
2,330 2019