Joaquín de Arredondo, military commandant, son of Nicolás de Arredondo y Palegrí and Josefa Roso de Mioño, was born in Barcelona, Spain, in 1768. His father became a governor of Cuba and a viceroy of Buenos Aires. He entered the Royal Spanish Guards as a cadet in 1787, was commissioned probably by the end of the eighteenth century for service in New Spain, and in 1810 was promoted to colonel and given the command of the infantry regiment of Veracruz. After being made military commandant of the Huasteca and governor of Nuevo Santander in 1811, he was instrumental in suppressing Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla's revolt and criollo-related revolts in that province in 1812 and 1813, and was rewarded by being appointed as commandant of the eastern division of the Provincias Internas in 1813. Reinforced with new troops, he left for San Antonio and on August 18, 1813, defeated the rebels under José Álvarez de Toledo y Dubois in the battle of Medina. Arredondo quickly cleared the province of insurgents and appointed Cristóbal Domínguez ad interim governor of Texas. After completing his assignment in Texas, he returned to Monterrey. He subsequently crushed the filibustering expedition of Francisco Xavier Mina by overrunning his defenses at the village of Soto la Marina in October 1817. On January 17, 1821, near the end of his tenure as commandant, Arredondo approved the petition of Moses Austin to bring settlers to Texas. At Monterrey on July 3, 1821, he endorsed the Plan of Iguala and swore allegiance to the new Mexican nation. Shortly after the Mexican War of Independence, Arredondo surrendered his command and retired to Havana, where he died in 1837.