The first issue of the Austin Southern Intelligencer appeared on August 19, 1856. The publishers were William Baker and Irving Root, and the editor was George W. Paschal. The Southern Intelligencer was published every Wednesday under the masthead motto, "Nothing extenuate, nor set down aught in malice." A prospectus published November 19, 1856, states that the paper's "uniform object will be to give the earliest local and general interesting intelligence to every class of its readers whether their tastes and pursuits be agricultural, mechanical, professional or literary." Anthony B. Norton assumed editorial control of the paper in 1860, and a break in its publication occurred when he moved to Ohio during the Civil War. The final issue under his editorship was February 22, 1862. Both of the early editors of the Southern Intelligencer were antisecessionist supporters of Sam Houston and the Union. The Southern Intelligencer was revived in July 1865 by Frank Brown and James A. Foster and was printed for about sixteen months. The plant was then sold to Alfred E. Longley and Morgan C. Hamilton, who began publishing the Austin Republican.