John Pierson Bane, cattle rancher and soldier, was born October or November, 1835, in Baneville, Giles County, Virginia, the son of Jesse and Anne (Carr) Bane. By 1860 he had moved to Seguin, Texas, where he farmed and ranched cattle. In early 1861 he formed the Guadalupe (County) Rangers in Seguin and became their first captain. They reported for duty on July 4, 1861, at Camp Clar, a training center on the San Marcos River, and were mustered in on July 27, 1861. After a brief training period they gathered at Houston before going to Virginia, where they became Company D, Fourth Texas Infantry (see HOOD'S TEXAS BRIGADE). Bane was present at the battles of Eltham's Landing, Seven Pines, and Gaines' Mill. He received an arm wound in the last battle and was absent from the unit's next five encounters. Bane won promotion to major (to rank from December 29, 1862) and lieutenant colonel (to rank from July 21, 1863). He again saw action at Gettysburg, where he took command of the Fourth Texas after Col. John C. G. Key was wounded. Some weeks later Key resumed command, but he apparently never became completely well. Bane again assumed command of the Fourth Texas in the spring of 1864, before the opening of the Wilderness Campaign, and was promoted to colonel (to rank from April 29, 1864). Confederate records indicate that he returned to Texas in the summer of 1864 for recruiting purposes (perhaps suffering from a wound received at Chickamauga) and was in Texas when the war ended. He was paroled in San Antonio on August 25, 1865, listing his home as Guadalupe County, Texas.
Following the war he and his wife, Julianna Grayson, resumed their ranching life in Seguin. After 1880 he moved to Montgomery County, Virginia. Admitted to the Richmond, Virginia Confederate Soldiers Home, he died there May 14, 1887, and is buried in Hollywood Cemetery.