Big Spring Caddo Village

By: Jim Tiller

Type: General Entry

Published: March 31, 2012

Updated: September 20, 2013

The Big Spring Caddo village was located just west of the confluence of Paw Paw Bayou and Butler Creek in eastern Harrison County some six and one-half miles west-northwest of Waskom. This village, mentioned in Rip Ford’s Texas, was an important reference point in many early Republic of Texas headright surveys. The village was probably first established in late 1836 by members of the Caddo tribe forced to migrate from their villages in Louisiana, a requirement of the 1835 treaty which transferred their lands in that state to the United States. In the 1930s the village name was corrupted to Biff Springs and this site was erroneously said to pre-date the early Texas community of Old Elysian Fields.

Jim Tiller, Before the Line, Volume III: Caddo Indians: The Final Years (2013), Electronic version available at Newton Gresham Library, Sam Houston State University, Huntsville.

  • Peoples
  • Native American

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Jim Tiller, “Big Spring Caddo Village,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed May 24, 2022,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

March 31, 2012
September 20, 2013