Joseph Murphy Bounds, soldier and hotelman, was born in Missouri in 1822. Before July 1, 1845, he arrived in McKinney, Texas where he worked as a "floating trader." During the Mexican War Bounds was a first lieutenant in Company C until the company was disbanded, on September 5, 1846. On May 24, 1849, he married Eliza S. Hurt, the fifteen-year-old daughter of Mrs. Ann Hurt, who arrived in Collin County accompanied only by her daughter. Bounds received a land certificate from the Peters colony in 1850, which he sold unlocated. By 1860 he had become the first hotelkeeper in McKinney and had $6,000 in personal property. At that time he and Eliza had three children. In 1861 Bounds raised a cavalry company in the county and by February 1862 had been promoted to lieutenant colonel of the Eleventh Texas Cavalry. Though he led the regiment in the battle of Murfreesboro, Tennessee, his promotion to colonel was never approved. He was murdered on October 27, 1863.