Broaddus, Andrew Sidney (1810–1891)

By: Jennifer Eckel

Type: Biography

Published: March 24, 2008

Updated: September 30, 2020

Andrew S. Broaddus, Texas legislator and judge, was born in Caroline County, Virginia, in 1810, the son of Rueben and Elizabeth (Garland) Broaddus. Broaddus was raised and educated in Virginia and was a member of the Virginia House of Delegates from 1844 to 1845. In 1854 Broaddus led a wagon train consisting of as many as 200 people from Caroline County, Virginia, to Cooks Point in Burleson County, Texas. The party consisted of eighty White settlers including Broaddus's family and neighbors from Caroline County, as well as 120 slaves. Broaddus built a house in Cooks Point and became a leader in the community as an active participant in Democratic county and state politics and as the founder of Salem Baptist Church.

On July 16, 1857, Broaddus debated Samuel Houston at Waugh Campground on behalf of Houston's opponent in the gubernatorial race, Hardin Richard Runnels. Broaddus was a member of the Texas State House of Representatives during the Ninth Legislature from 1861–1863, and the Thirteenth Legislature during 1873. Broaddus was also a delegate to the 1861 Secession Convention. Following the Civil War Broaddus was appointed judge of the Thirty-second District of the state court for two terms. Additionally Broaddus practiced as a lawyer throughout his residence in Burleson County. In 1868 he represented Phillis Oldham, a mullato woman who had cohabitated and borne several children with her owner, Maj. William Oldham. Upon his death Oldham's White relatives attempted to evict Phillis Oldham and her sons, but Phillis, represented by Broaddus, was eventually awarded homestead rights by the Burleson County Probate Court. Andrew Sidney Broaddus was also on the commission to locate and build Texas A&M University.

Broaddus married twice and had a total of thirteen children. He died in Cooks Point in 1891 and is probably buried in the Old City Cemetery in Caldwell County, although his grave is unmarked.

Burleson County Historical Society, Inc. Astride the Old San Antonio Road: A Pictorial History of Burleson County, Texas (Dallas: Taylor, 1980). Ruthe Winegarten, Black Texas Women: 150 Years of Trial and Triumph (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1995). Ralph A. Wooster, "An Analysis of the Membership of the Texas Secession Convention" Southwestern Historical Quarterly 62, (January 1959).

  • Ninth Legislature (1861-1863)
  • Thirteenth Legislature (1873)
  • House

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Jennifer Eckel, “Broaddus, Andrew Sidney,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed May 29, 2022,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

March 24, 2008
September 30, 2020