Roger Brooke, military physician, was born at Sandy Springs, Maryland, on June 14, 1878, the son of Roger and Louisa (Thomas) Brooke. He graduated from the University of Maryland medical school in 1900 and entered the Medical Corps of the United States Army on June 29, 1901. He was married in 1905 to Grace M. Macomb. He became a specialist in infectious diseases, especially tuberculosis. His early tours of duty included the Philippine Islands, Fort Bayard, New Mexico, and Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. During World War I Brooke was senior instructor and later commanding officer of the Medical Officers' Training Camp, Camp Greenleaf, Georgia. For this service he was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal. Later tours of duty included the office of the surgeon general, Washington; the division of medicine of the Veterans Bureau, Gorgas Hospital, Canal Zone; and Fort Sam Houston, Texas, where he was chief of the medical service and from 1928 to 1933 commanding officer of the station hospital. In 1935 Brooke was ordered to Washington in charge of the Professional Service Division. His next tour was at Letterman General Hospital, San Francisco, where he was in command when he received his promotion to brigadier general. He was transferred to the Medical Field Service School, Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania, where he remained on duty as commandant until his death. Brooke was a fellow of the American College of Surgeons and of the American College of Physicians and a member of the American Medical Association, the American Society of Tropical Medicine, the National Tuberculosis Association, and the Association of Military Surgeons. Station Hospital, Fort Sam Houston, was designated Brooke General Hospital on September 4, 1942, in recognition of the outstanding manner in which Roger Brooke identified himself with community interests while in command of the hospital. In 1946 the unit was expanded to become Brooke Army Medical Center. General Brooke died on December 18, 1940.
Is history important to you?
We need your support because we are a non-profit organization that relies upon contributions from our community in order to record and preserve the history of our state. Every penny helps.
Please make your contribution today.
Eldon Cagle, Jr., Quadrangle: The History of Fort Sam Houston (Austin: Eakin Press, 1985). Military Surgeon, February 1941.
Health and Medicine
Physicians and Surgeons
Military Physicians and Surgeons and Military Nurses
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.
Handbook of Texas Online,
accessed May 29, 2022,
Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Original Publication Date:
Most Recent Revision Date:
November 1, 1994
This entry belongs to the following Handbook Special Projects: