Burroughs, James M. (1824–unknown)

Type: Biography

Published: 1952

Updated: January 29, 2016

James M. Burroughs, politician and lawyer, was born in Alabama in 1824. He moved to Texas in 1844 and represented Harris County in the Convention of 1845. He served in the Texas House from 1846 to 1848 and in the Senate from 1855 to 1858. In the Secession Convention (1861) he was a member of the foreign relations committee. Afterwards, he served as a scout and as a major in the artillery of the Confederate Army. During his service in the military, Burroughs was recognized for heroism by general orders of the army. In July 1866 he attended a convention at Navasota and was elected to the United States Congress but was not seated because of the radical Reconstruction policy of the Congress. In 1868 he was a delegate to the Democratic national convention in New York. He subsequently practiced law in Houston and in Galveston, where he was living in the mid-1890s. He served as vice president and later president of the Galveston Wharf Company (see GALVESTON WHARVES). One of Burroughs's acquaintances described him as a hard-fighting lawyer and an "unreconstructed rebel."

Louis Wiltz Kemp Papers, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin. Norman Kittrell, Governors Who Have Been and Other Public Men of Texas (Houston: Dealy-Adey-Elgin, 1921). William S. Speer and John H. Brown, eds., Encyclopedia of the New West (Marshall, Texas: United States Biographical Publishing, 1881; rpt., Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1978). Texas House of Representatives, Biographical Directory of the Texan Conventions and Congresses, 1832–1845 (Austin: Book Exchange, 1941).

  • First Legislature (1846)
  • Second Legislature (1847-1848)
  • Sixth Legislature (1855-1856)
  • Seventh Legislature (1857-1858)
  • House
  • Senate
Time Periods:
  • Republic of Texas
  • Antebellum Texas
  • Houston
  • Upper Gulf Coast
  • East Texas

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Anonymous, “Burroughs, James M.,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed May 28, 2022, https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/burroughs-james-m.

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

January 29, 2016

This entry belongs to the following Handbook Special Projects: