James M. Burroughs, politician and lawyer, was born in Alabama in 1824. He moved to Texas in 1844 and represented Harris County in the Convention of 1845. He served in the Texas House from 1846 to 1848 and in the Senate from 1855 to 1858. In the Secession Convention (1861) he was a member of the foreign relations committee. Afterwards, he served as a scout and as a major in the artillery of the Confederate Army. During his service in the military, Burroughs was recognized for heroism by general orders of the army. In July 1866 he attended a convention at Navasota and was elected to the United States Congress but was not seated because of the radical Reconstruction policy of the Congress. In 1868 he was a delegate to the Democratic national convention in New York. He subsequently practiced law in Houston and in Galveston, where he was living in the mid-1890s. He served as vice president and later president of the Galveston Wharf Company (see GALVESTON WHARVES). One of Burroughs's acquaintances described him as a hard-fighting lawyer and an "unreconstructed rebel."