Leonard Ewing Bush, physician, was born on July 6, 1902, in Huntsville, Texas, to Leonard Holmes Bush, a local physician and surgeon, and Mary Walker (Read) Bush. After attending public schools in Huntsville, Bush entered the Columbia Military Academy in Columbia, Tennessee, and graduated in 1920. He completed pre-medical work at the Rice Institute (later Rice University) and Southwestern University. He was a member of the Kappa Sigma Fraternity. Bush enrolled at the Tulane University School of Medicine, where he became a member of the Phi Chi Medical Fraternity. He received his medical degree from Tulane in 1928. Bush interned at Scott and White Hospital in Temple before entering the graduate school of medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. He completed residency training at Rutherford Hospital in Rutherfordton, North Carolina, and was high man in his class.
In 1931 Bush moved to Houston where he began his medical practice, serving on the staff of the Memorial Baptist Hospital and Jefferson Davis Hospital. In 1934 he moved to Huntsville where he served as medical director of Sam Houston State Teachers College (later Sam Houston State University). During World War II, he served as a commander in the U. S. Naval Reserves from 1942 to 1946. Following the war, Bush returned to Huntsville where he practiced until 1952. That year, he moved to Port Lavaca to work for Brown & Root, Inc., and served as chief of staff of the Calhoun County Memorial Hospital. Bush returned to Huntsville in 1955 and joined the medical staff of the Texas Department of Corrections. He remained in this position until illness forced his retirement in 1963. For several years, he was chief of staff of the Huntsville Memorial Hospital.
Bush was an active member of many professional and civic organizations throughout his lifetime. He was a member of the Walker-Madison-Trinity County Medical Society, the American Medical Association, the Postgraduate Medical Society of South Texas, and the Academy of General Practice. He was the first president of the Ninth District Medical Society and served multiple terms as president of the Walker County Medical Society. He was one of the founders of the South Texas Postgraduate Assembly. He was a member of the Methodist Church in Huntsville and served on the official board.
Bush married Mary Josephine Miller on November 10, 1935, in Huntsville. Josephine’s father, Rufus Walter Miller, Sr., was active in Huntsville politics, including service as mayor of Huntsville and as a member of the local city council, was president of the chamber of commerce, and served on the Texas Prison Board (seePRISON SYSTEM). The couple had no children. Leonard Ewing Bush died of a coronary occlusion on May 7, 1963, and was buried in Oakwood Cemetery in Huntsville.
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“Leonard Ewing Bush Biography,” Walker County Doctors Collection, Huntsville Public Library. Texas State Journal of Medicine 59 (July 1963). Walker County Genealogical Society and Walker County Historical Commission, Walker County, Texas: A History (Dallas: Curtis Media Corporation, 1986).
Health and Medicine
Physicians and Surgeons
Law, Law Enforcement, and Outlaws
World War II
Texas in the 1920s
World War II
Texas Post World War II
East Central Texas
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.
Charles W. Monday and Jane Clements Monday,
“Bush, Leonard Ewing,”
Handbook of Texas Online,
accessed May 23, 2022,
Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
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