Juan Antonio Bustillo y Ceballos (Zevallos), soldier and governor of Spanish Texas, was born about 1691and was from the mountains of Burgos in Spain. He was in Texas for twelve years, seven of them (1724–31) as captain of Nuestra Señora de Loreto Presidio at La Bahía del Espíritu Santo. He assisted in the transfer of the Queretaran missions from East Texas to San Antonio in 1730 and was so successful that he was appointed governor of Texas in 1731. His administration was notable for the settlement of the Canary Islanders in San Antonio and for a campaign to the San Xavier (San Gabriel) and San Saba rivers against the Apaches in 1732. The expedition, consisting of 160 Spaniards and sixty Indians, tracked the Apaches to their rancherías and administered a defeat that was followed by a short period of peace with them. Bustillo resigned the governorship of Texas in 1734 and returned to Mexico. He became alcalde ordinario of Mexico City and in 1751 was a member of the Audiencia, the highest judicial and administrative body of New Spain. Although he raised objections against the founding of the San Xavier missions in 1746, the Audiencia, of which he was then a member, gave its approval in 1751. On December 21, 1754, while he was lieutenant governor and acting governor of Coahuila, Bustillo and Fr. Alonso Giraldo de Terreros founded San Lorenzo Mission for the Apaches near San Fernando de Austria, Coahuila.
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Herbert Eugene Bolton, Texas in the Middle Eighteenth Century: Studies in Spanish Colonial History and Administration (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1915; rpt., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1970). Carlos E. Castañeda, Our Catholic Heritage in Texas (7 vols., Austin: Von Boeckmann-Jones, 1936–58; rpt., New York: Arno, 1976). Catholic Archives of Texas, Files, Austin. Juan Agustín Morfi, History of Texas, 1673–1779 (2 vols., Albuquerque: Quivira Society, 1935; rpt., New York: Arno, 1967). Elizabeth Howard West, trans., "Bonilla's Brief Compendium of the History of Texas, 1772," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 8 (July 1904).
- Native American
- Spanish Texas
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.
C. H. Taylor, Jr., “Bustillo y Ceballos, Juan Antonio,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed November 26, 2020, https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/bustillo-y-ceballos-juan-antonio.
Published by the Texas State Historical Association.