Caisquetebana Indians

By: Thomas N. Campbell

Type: General Entry

Published: 1976

Updated: September 5, 2019

The Caisquetebana Indians are known only from records of Alonso De León's various expeditions to the Texas coast in search of La Salle's Fort St. Louis. In 1690 De Leon visited a small settlement of these Indians north of Matagorda Bay and between the Guadalupe and Colorado rivers. The name suggests the possibility of linkage with the Caai Indians, reported in 1691 as living southwest of the Hasinais, and also the Caiasbans, named in the 1687 documents of the La Salle expedition as enemies of the Kadohadachos on the Red River. These identifications cannot be demonstrated. If the names all refer to the same group of Indians, then a considerable north-south range is indicated. The affiliations of these groups remain unknown.

Herbert Eugene Bolton, ed., Spanish Exploration in the Southwest, 1542–1706 (New York: Scribner, 1908; rpt., New York: Barnes and Noble, 1959). Pierre Margry, ed., Découvertes et établissements des Français dans l'ouest et dans le sud de l'Amérique septentrionale, 1614–1754 (6 vols., Paris: Jouast, 1876–86). John R. Swanton, Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians (Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 132, Washington: GPO, 1942).

  • Peoples
  • Native American
  • Tribes (Other)

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Thomas N. Campbell, “Caisquetebana Indians,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed May 25, 2022,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

September 5, 2019