Jim Camp, pioneer West Texas physician, son of Miles N. and Elizabeth (Gillentine) Camp, was born in White County, Tennessee, on November 7, 1877. As a young man he taught for three years in a rural Tennessee public school. He later attended the University of Tennessee Medical School, where he graduated in the spring of 1900. He soon moved to Pecos, Texas, and set up a medical practice. On October 1, 1901, Camp married Virgie Maude Stroud outside of Dallas, and the couple made their home in Pecos. They had three children. The older son became a physician; in 1929 he and his father built Camp Hospital, the institution that made Pecos a medical center in West Texas. During World War I Camp served in the medical corps as a first lieutenant. He later led in the formation of the Six County Medical Association in West Texas. In 1950 he was honored as General Practitioner of the Year by the Texas Medical Association. He served a term as tax assessor in Reeves County and more than twenty years as a member of the county school board. Camp was a York Rite Mason, a Shriner, and a Rotarian. He was an active member of the First Christian Church of Pecos and of the Pecos Chamber of Commerce. He died on January 22, 1964, in Pecos and was buried in Evergreen Cemetery, Reeves County. In 1973, for his civic and humanitarian contributions to West Texas, he was named to the Permian Basin Petroleum Hall of Fame.
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Alton Hughes, Pecos: A History of the Pioneer West (Seagraves, Texas: Pioneer, 1978).
Health and Medicine
Physicians and Surgeons
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.
Julia Cauble Smith,
Handbook of Texas Online,
accessed May 29, 2022,
Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Original Publication Date:
December 1, 1994
This entry belongs to the following Handbook Special Projects: