The Handbook of Texas is free-to-use thanks to the support of readers like you. Support the Handbook today.

Font size: A / A reset

Support Texas History Now


Join TSHA to support quality Texas history programs and receive exclusive benefits.

Become a TSHA Member Today »

Camp Stanley

General Entry

Camp Stanley, originally Camp Funston, was a subpost of the San Antonio Arsenal and operated as an ammunition storage depot. It was named Camp Stanley on October 2, 1917, for Brig. Gen. David Sloane Stanley and designated at first as an infantry cantonment. It was located at Leon Springs Military Reservation, twenty miles northwest of San Antonio. Chinese refugees brought from Mexico in 1916 by Gen. John J. Pershing were transferred from Fort Sam Houston to Camp Stanley after World War I. They were finally registered as legal immigrants in 1922. In 1922 the camp became a subpost of Camp Travis and was to be used as a temporary garrison at peace strength. In September 1933 Camp Stanley was transferred to the jurisdiction of the Ordnance Department, and new buildings were constructed to eliminate hazards. Magazine and igloo space totaled 232,100 square feet. On July 1, 1947, Camp Stanley was consolidated with the San Antonio General Distribution Depot and on July 1, 1949, was designated the Camp Stanley Area of Red River Arsenal, Texarkana, a class-two installation under the jurisdiction of the chief of ordnance. In 1985 Camp Stanley was a subpost of nearby Camp Bullis.

Edward Eugene Briscoe, "Pershing's Chinese Refugees in Texas," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 62 (April 1959). Leah Carter Johnston, San Antonio: St. Anthony's Town (San Antonio: Librarians Council, 1947). Ray Miller, Ray Miller's Texas Forts (Houston: Cordovan, 1985). San Antonio Express Magazine, May 7, 1950. Texas Monthly Review, November 1917.

Time Periods:

  • Progressive Era
  • World War II

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Anonymous, “Camp Stanley,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed October 28, 2020, https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/camp-stanley.

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Loading