Thomas Camp, also referred to as Thompson Camp, merchant, slaveholder, and Confederate officer, was born in Jefferson County, Alabama, in 1822, the son of John Lay and Eliza (Brown) Camp. On May 26, 1846, Camp married Susan C. Hall in Alabama. In the late 1840s, Camp moved to Texas and settled in Rusk County. It is unknown whether he was still married at that time. On November 1, 1859, Camp married Laura Jones in Henderson, Rusk County. This couple had four children: Thompson (b.1850), Margaret L. (b.1864), William R. (b.1867), and Annie E. (b. 1870). By 1860 Camp worked as a clerk and reported over $16,000 in property, including the ownership of five slaves. Early in the Civil War, Camp volunteered for service in the Confederate Army and joined the Fourteenth Texas Cavalry Regiment as an officer. He was promoted to major in April 1862, and some time later he resigned his commission with this unit. In August 1863 Camp was ordered to assist in the organization of state militia, the Texas State Troops. By September he had assembled and was in command of the Second Infantry Regiment, State Troops, with the rank of colonel. After serving near Houston as a coastal defense unit from September to December 1863, Camp's unit was dissolved in January 1864. Following his military service, he returned to Rusk County. In 1870 he was operating a goods store where he and his eldest son, Thompson, worked as clerks. Camp continued to operate the store well into the 1880s until his death in Rusk County in August 1889. He was buried at Old City Cemetery in Henderson, Rusk County.
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Kathryn Davis Hopper and Carolyn Reeves Ericson, Rusk County Rebs (Nacogdoches: Ericson Books, 1998). Frances T. Ingmire, Rusk County, Texas Marriage Records, 1877–1881, Volume II (St. Louis: Frances T. Ingmire, 1985). Journal of the Congress of the Confederate States of America, 1861–1865, Volume 2, (http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/amlaw/lwcc.html), accessed March 8, 2011. James A. Mundie, Jr., with Bruce S. Allardice, Dean E. Letzring, and John H. Luckey, Texas Burial Sites of Civil War Notables: A Biographical and Pictorial Field Guide (Hillsboro, Texas: Hill College Press, 2002). 2nd Texas Infantry Regiment State Troops (http://www.bauer.uh.edu/parks/tex/irg002a.html), accessed June 22, 2006.
Regimental and Staff Officers
Late Nineteenth-Century Texas
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.
Aragorn Storm Miller,
Handbook of Texas Online,
accessed May 29, 2022,
Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Original Publication Date:
March 25, 2011
This entry belongs to the following Handbook Special Projects: