Cane Island Village

By: Howard N. Martin

Type: General Entry

Published: June 1, 1995

Updated: May 12, 2022

The Cane Island Village of the Alabama Indian tribe was between Peach Tree Village and Fort Terán twenty-two miles northwest of the site of present Woodville, Texas. This site was at the junction of three important trails-the Alabama Trace, the Coushatta Trace, and the Liberty-Nacogdoches Road all of which crossed the Neches River at the site where Fort Terán was constructed later in Tyler County. From Cane Island Village, the Alabama Trace and the Coushatta Trace went westward through Peach Tree Village, and the Liberty-Nacogdoches Road continued south through Fenced-in Village. Cane Island Village received its name from the dense growths of cane along nearby creeks. Apparently unhealthful conditions prevailed at this location, and the Alabamas referred to this village as "Flea Village." It was abandoned during the years of the Republic of Texas.

Howard N. Martin, Myths and Folktales of the Alabama-Coushatta Indians of Texas (Austin: Encino Press, 1977).

  • Peoples
  • Native American
Time Periods:
  • Mexican Texas
  • Republic of Texas
  • East Texas

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Howard N. Martin, “Cane Island Village,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed August 14, 2022,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

June 1, 1995
May 12, 2022

This entry belongs to the following Handbook Special Projects: