Caraway, Nathaniel Jackson (1835–1864)

By: Aragorn Storm Miller and Matthew K. Hamilton

Type: Biography

Published: March 25, 2011

Nathaniel Jackson Caraway, also listed as Carroway, farmer, slaveholder, and Confederate officer, was born in Holmes County, Mississippi, on October 26, 1835. He was the son of Vestal and Eliza (Young) Caraway. On December 20, 1855, he married Mary Ann Speights in Hemphill, Sabine County, Texas. This couple had four children—two sons and two daughters. By 1860 Caraway was working as a farmer and reported $1,430 in real estate and $9,000 in personal property including the ownership of twelve slaves.

After the outbreak of the Civil War, Caraway traveled to Hemphill, Texas, and organized a company on February 17, 1862, and took the rank of captain. That same day his company was mustered into service in the Eleventh Texas Infantry by Col. Oran Milo Roberts. The Eleventh Infantry completed its organization on April 9, 1862, at which point Caraway was elected major. The unit was reorganized on June 23, 1862, and he was reelected major. After training with this unit from May to August 1862, Caraway saw action in Arkansas and Louisiana at numerous battles including Bayou Bourbeau, Mansfield, and Pleasant Hill. During the battle of Jenkins Ferry, on April 30, 1864, Caraway was mortally wounded and captured by Union troops. He was taken to a Union hospital near Little Rock, Arkansas, where he died on May 10, 1864.

Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Texas, National Archives and Records Service, Washington. Re: N.J. Caraway—Sabine County, Texas, GenForum, (, accessed March 8, 2011. Texans in the Civil War: Nathaniel Jackson Caraway (, accessed March 8, 2011.

  • Agriculture
  • Farmers
  • Military
  • Confederate Military
  • Regimental and Staff Officers
  • Soldiers
Time Periods:
  • Civil War
  • Antebellum Texas

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Aragorn Storm Miller and Matthew K. Hamilton, “Caraway, Nathaniel Jackson,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed June 25, 2022,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

March 25, 2011

This entry belongs to the following Handbook Special Projects: