William Samuel Carter, government railroad official, the son of Samuel Miles and Margaret Francis (Oliphant) Carter and nephew of William James Oliphant, was born on August 11, 1859, in Austin, Texas. He attended school in Williamson County and the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas (now Texas A&M University). In 1879 he became connected with railroading and was in charge of hauling lumber on a wooden tramway. That year he became a fireman on the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railway. He worked on various railroads until 1894, when he became editor of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen's Magazine. He retained this position until January 1, 1904, when he became general secretary and treasurer of the brotherhood. Five years later he became its president. In February 1918 he was appointed director of the division of labor of the United States Railway Administration. Carter was married twice: on December 26, 1880, to Evelyn Gorsuch of Austin, who died on June 22, 1892, and on November 27, 1902, to Julia I. Cross. He died in Baltimore on March 15, 1923.
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Dictionary of American Biography.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.
“Carter, William Samuel,”
Handbook of Texas Online,
accessed May 20, 2022,
Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Original Publication Date:
Most Recent Revision Date:
May 6, 2011