Cartwright, TX


By: Rachel Jenkins

Type: General Entry

Published: December 1, 1994

Updated: October 19, 2020


Cartwright is on Farm Road 1643 seven miles northeast of Quitman in north central Wood County. The Cartwright area, which probably had settlers as early as 1851, was first called the Barrens because of its isolation and the danger from wolves. Around 1874 a log school was constructed at the community. Cartwright was probably named for Matthew Cartwright, whose family in 1882 donated land for a school. By 1894 Cartwright had its first store and a post office. Around that time a Baptist church was organized. In 1895 the Cartwright school burned and was replaced with a two-room building; the next year the community's public school reported ninety-two White students. That same year Cartwright had at least eight businesses, including two carpenters, two music teachers, a barber, and a gin and mill. In 1905 the community's three-teacher school served 149 students. In 1907 the post office closed. In the 1930s Cartwright had a population of 100, two schools, a seasonal industry, and a number of dwellings. By 1945 the population had fallen to seventy-five, where it remained until the mid-1960s. Sometime after 1960 Cartwright lost its school. The population fell to sixty-one in 1968 and was still reported at that level through 2000. In 1988 highway maps showed two businesses, a church, and a community hall.

Wood County, 1850–1900 (Quitman, Texas: Wood County Historical Society, 1976).

Places:
  • Communities

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Rachel Jenkins, “Cartwright, TX,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed June 29, 2022, https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/cartwright-tx.

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

December 1, 1994
October 19, 2020

Place
Cartwright
Currently Exists
Yes
Place Type
Town
USGS ID
1380827
Town Fields
  • Has post office: No
  • Is Incorporated: No
Belongs to
  • Wood County
Associated Names

Barrens

Coordinates
  • Latitude: 32.87206970°
  • Longitude: -95.37133770°
Population Counts
People Year
144 2009