Joel Titus Case, teacher, editor, and pastor, was born on June 30, 1802, in Austinburg, Ashtabula County, Ohio. He attended Burton Academy in Ohio, then taught there from 1821 to 1826, studied theology in Cincinnati, and graduated from Yale in 1828 with an A.B. degree and in 1854 with an M.A. degree. In 1834–35 he was editor of a paper in Mobile, Alabama. In October 1835 he acted as secretary at a meeting held to raise money and volunteers for Texas. In 1838 he traveled to Texas, where he lived for a time in Houston, helped organize the University of Galveston, edited the Galveston Daily Courier, and at one time was a Refugio district surveyor. As a member of the Texan Santa Fe expedition, he was captured and imprisoned by the Mexicans. Upon his release he returned to Mobile, where he edited the Mobile Advertiser from 1842 to 1847. Case was first married while in Ohio to the niece of a Bishop McIlvane. This marriage ended in divorce. After his move to Texas he married a widow, Mrs. Raymond (Cook) Gaylord, who died in October 1853. They had a daughter.
Case was licensed to preach in 1849 in Alabama. He was ordained and became pastor of a Presbyterian church at Victoria, Texas, on December 29, 1850. There he married, in 1862, his third wife, Mrs. Viola H. Shive, whose first husband had founded Victoria Female Academy. The Cases continued the operation of the academy as Case School until 1862, when they moved to Clinton, where they continued the school and Case became pastor. From 1854 to 1861 he was agent for Aranama College at Goliad; he was also the stated clerk for the Western Texas Presbytery for fourteen years. In 1866 the Cases returned to Victoria, where Case died on June 10, 1868.