Charlton, Napoleon Bonaparte (1815–1896)

By: Jennifer Eckel

Type: Biography

Published: April 30, 2008

Updated: November 19, 2014

Napoleon B. Charlton, Texas legislator, was born on May 13, 1815, in Sumner County, Tennessee, son of James and Rachel (Blackmore) Charlton. Napoleon had moved to Tyler County, Texas, before he became a Mason in 1844. He married Susan McAlister of Tyler on September 1, 1847. He married Sarah Louise Foster some years later.

N. B. Charlton's legislative career was a long one by the standards of the antebellum Texas legislature. He represented Liberty County in the First Texas Legislature. He then served continuously from the Third Texas Legislature in 1849 through the Sixth legislature in 1857 as a representative from Tyler County. During the Sixth legislature Charlton was defeated by a vote of seventy-eight to one by Hamilton P. Bee for the Speaker of the Texas House of Representatives. Charlton was one of Tyler's representatives to the Texas Secession Convention of 1861 where he voted for secession. He also served in the House of the Ninth and in the Senate of the Tenth Texas legislatures.

In 1850 Charlton owned 20,000 acres in Tyler County and listed his occupation as farmer. Although he petitioned the United States Congress in 1870 for removal of his political disabilities, he does not appear to have revisited his earlier political career. Napoleon Charlton died in Tyler County on June 17, 1896.

Ralph A. Wooster, "Membership in the Early Texas Legislatures, 1850–1860," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 69 (October 1965). Ralph A. Wooster, "An Analysis of the Membership of the Texas Secession Convention," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 62 (January 1959).

  • First Legislature (1846)
  • Third Legislature (1849-1850)
  • Fourth Legislature (1851-1853)
  • Fifth Legislature (1853-1854)
  • Sixth Legislature (1855-1856)
  • Ninth Legislature (1861-1863)
  • Tenth Legislature (1863-1864)
  • House
  • Senate

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Jennifer Eckel, “Charlton, Napoleon Bonaparte,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed July 02, 2022,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

April 30, 2008
November 19, 2014