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Clayton, Joseph Alvey (1817–1873)

Biography Entry

Joseph Alvey Clayton, soldier and community leader, was born in Marshall County, Tennessee, on December 30, 1817. He moved to Texas in the early part of 1835 and joined Capt. Amasa Turner's company, but fought in the battle of San Jacinto as a private in the artillery under Lt. Col. James C. Neill. Clayton also saw action at the battle of Chapultepec during the Mexican War. He married Amanda Poole in Tennessee on June 1, 1847, and they had eight children. He lived near Washington-on-the-Brazos until 1852, when he settled near the site of present Kerens in Navarro County. Clayton represented Navarro County at the Secession Convention early in 1861, and after hostilities began he served as the captain of a reserve company in the Nineteenth Infantry Brigade, Texas Militia. Clayton was a Baptist and Mason and took an active role in community affairs. He was twice involved in efforts to establish fairgrounds in the county. He died as a result of a farm accident on August 1, 1873, and was buried at Chatfield in Navarro County.

Joe M. Daniel, "Navarro County Goes to War," Navarro County Scroll, July 12, 1965. Daughters of the Republic of Texas, Muster Rolls of the Texas Revolution (Austin, 1986). Sam Houston Dixon and Louis Wiltz Kemp, The Heroes of San Jacinto (Houston: Anson Jones, 1932). Louis Wiltz Kemp Papers, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin. Wyvonne Putman, comp., Navarro County History (4 vols., Quanah, Texas: Nortex, 1975–84).

Time Periods:

  • Texas Revolution

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Anonymous, “Clayton, Joseph Alvey,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed April 11, 2021,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

December 1, 1994