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Clopton, Albert Gallatin (1828–1916)


Albert Gallatin Clopton, doctor, soldier, and politician, was born near Eaton, Georgia, in 1828, the son of Alfred and Sallie (Kendricks) Clopton. He served in the Mexican War, studied law for a year, then abandoned law for medicine and graduated from the University of Louisiana in 1851. He moved to Camden, Arkansas, but shortly thereafter traveled to Texas and served for a time in the force of Texas Rangers under Shapley P. Ross. Clopton subsequently went back to Camden to practice medicine but returned to Texas in 1854 and settled at Douglassville, where he married Annie Matilda Henderson; they adopted two children. Clopton remained at Douglassville for six years working as a doctor and a farmer before moving to Jefferson just before the Civil War. In 1860 he owned a 245-acre farm and six slaves and raised twenty-two bales of cotton. He was a member of the Secession Convention in 1861. He served as captain of Company D, First Texas Infantry, Hood's Texas Brigade, and acted as major of the regiment at the battle of Eltham's Landing in 1862. Soon afterward he transferred to the medical department. Clopton returned to Jefferson after the war. In April 1874 he was elected president of the Texas State Medical Association (see TEXAS MEDICAL ASSOCIATION). He was the first professor of physiology in the Medical Branch of the University of Texas at Galveston. He was a Methodist and was active in Confederate veterans' affairs. He died at Texarkana on June 21, 1916; his wife died the following day. Their double funeral was conducted at Jefferson, and Clopton is buried in Oakwood Cemetery, Jefferson.

Biographical Souvenir of the State of Texas (Chicago: Battey, 1889; rpt., Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1978). Lucille Blackburn Bullard, Marion County, Texas, 1860–1870 (Jefferson, Texas, 1965). Jefferson Jimplecute, June 22, 1916. George Plunkett [Mrs. S. C.] Red, The Medicine Man in Texas (Houston, 1930). William S. Speer and John H. Brown, eds., Encyclopedia of the New West (Marshall, Texas: United States Biographical Publishing, 1881; rpt., Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1978). Fred Tarpley, Jefferson: Riverport to the Southwest (Austin: Eakin Press, 1983). George T. Todd, Sketch of the History of the First Texas Regiment, Hood's Brigade (1909?; rpt., as First Texas Regiment, Waco: Texian Press, 1963). E. W. Winkler, ed., Journal of the Secession Convention of Texas (Austin, 1912). Ralph A. Wooster, "An Analysis of the Membership of the Texas Secession Convention," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 62 (January 1959).


  • Health and Medicine
  • Physicians and Surgeons
  • General Practitioners

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Anonymous, “Clopton, Albert Gallatin,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed September 27, 2020,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.