Clough, Jeremiah Morrill (1819–1862)

By: Stephanie P. Niemeyer

Type: Biography

Published: March 28, 2011

Jeremiah Morrill Clough, lawyer and Confederate infantry officer, was born on June 28, 1819, in Canterbury, New Hampshire, son of Joseph and Mehetable Clough. He was a Mexican War veteran. Clough practiced law in the years before the Civil War. On April 29, 1850, he married Louisa Van Zandt, and the two settled in Marshall, Texas.

Upon the outbreak of the Civil War, Clough enlisted on May 1, 1861, as a private in Capt. Khleber M. Van Zandt's Company of Gregg's Regiment Texas Volunteers. This unit subsequently was mustered into service in the Confederate Army on October 4, 1861, as Company D of the Seventh Texas Infantry Regiment. The Seventh Infantry began forming in the summer of 1861 and was completed on November 9, 1861. The next day, on November 10, Clough was promoted to lieutenant colonel of the regiment.. From the beginning of his second military career, doubts and disillusionment filled Clough. In a letter written on January 19, 1862, while stationed in Hopkinsville, Kentucky, Clough wrote:

…our regiment has suffered much from sickness—indeed more than one hundred and thirty men have died in the short space of these months— a dreadful and almost unaccountable mortality….they all should have staid [sic] at home and the colony of graves which now rise up on the bosom of Kentucky’s soil as one of the dire evils of this war, and the oceans of tears which have fallen from the saddened faces of dear mothers, sisters, wives, and daughters all might have been spared.

At the regiment's first major engagement, Fort Donelson, Tennessee, on February 15, 1862, Clough was killed in action. He was first interred in Clarksville, Tennessee, behind the Female Academy. Later, his body was moved to Marshall’s Greenwood Cemetery.

"Burgess, Gray, White, and Related Families,"Rootsweb's WorldConnect Project (, accessed February 3, 2011. Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Texas, National Archives and Records Service, Washington. "Letters from the Front," Company A - Seventh Texas Infantry (, accessed February 3, 2011.

Time Periods:
  • Civil War

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Stephanie P. Niemeyer, “Clough, Jeremiah Morrill,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed June 26, 2022,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

March 28, 2011

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