Colorado Indians

By: Carol A. Lipscomb

Type: General Entry

Published: 1976

Updated: August 1, 1995

The Spanish name Colorado, meaning "red" or "painted," was given to many Indian groups in the New World, but only one of those can be related to the Texas area. The Colorados of northern Mexico were identified by the Spanish in the late seventeenth century. According to Spanish documentation, they were one of many tribes who inhabited the region between the city of Durango and La Junta de los Ríos, the junction of the Río Conchos and the Rio Grande near the site of present Presidio, Texas. The Colorados apparently ranged over the northern portions of the Mexican states of Coahuila and Chihuahua. In 1688 that tribe, along with the Tobosos and Cabezas, participated in an uprising against the Spanish settlements along the Texas-Coahuila border. The Jumanos and Terocodames, two groups from the Texas side of the Rio Grande, also joined in that revolt.

Herbert E. Bolton, "The Jumano Indians in Texas, 1650–1771," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 15 (July 1911). Charles W. Hackett, ed., Historical Documents Relating to New Mexico, Nueva Vizcaya, and Approaches Thereto, to 1773 (3 vols., Washington: Carnegie Institution, 1923–37). Nancy Parrott Hickerson, The Jumanos: Hunters and Traders of the South Plains (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1994).
  • Peoples
  • Native American
  • Tribes (Other)

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Carol A. Lipscomb, “Colorado Indians,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed June 25, 2022,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

August 1, 1995