Corzine, Shelby (unknown–1839)

By: E. T. Miller

Type: Biography

Published: 1952

Updated: December 1, 1994

Shelby Corzine, early senator and jurist, came to Texas from Alabama in February 1835 and settled near San Augustine. He was wounded at the battle of Horseshoe Bend in Alabama in 1814. In October 1836 he was elected senator to the First Congress of the Republic of Texas but resigned on December 16, 1836, to accept appointment as judge of the First Judicial District. This position automatically made him also an associate justice of the first Supreme Court of the Republic. In 1838 he was made a member of the commission to lay out the boundary line between Texas and the United States. Early in 1839 Corzine presided over the only treason trial in San Augustine County, in which thirty Mexicans were tried for participating in the Córdova Rebellion. Corzine died on February 8, 1839, in San Augustine and was buried there. He and his wife, Sarah, had three children.

Adele B. Looscan, "Harris County, 1822–1845," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 18–19 (October 1914-July 1915). Telegraph and Texas Register, February 20, 1839. Texas House of Representatives, Biographical Directory of the Texan Conventions and Congresses, 1832–1845 (Austin: Book Exchange, 1941). Vertical Files, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin.
  • Law, Law Enforcement, and Outlaws
  • Politics and Government
  • Judges

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

E. T. Miller, “Corzine, Shelby,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed July 05, 2022,

Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

December 1, 1994