Washington de la Fayette Craig was born in South Carolina on July 6, 1817, and later married A. J. Craig of Tennessee. He enlisted in Company F of the Tenth Texas Cavalry as a captain on September 25, 1861, in Taos, Texas. He was promoted to major on May 8, 1862, and later to lieutenant colonel on March 20, 1863, while the unit was dismounted at Lauderdale, Mississippi.
Craig was active in many of the major battles fought during the war. In at least two, Murfreesboro in December 1862 and Atlanta in June 1864, he was severely injured, endured surgery, and given furloughs to recuperate. After recuperating he re-enlisted on May 8, 1862, and served in Tuscaloosa, Alabama, and Atlanta, Georgia. The Tenth Texas Cavalry was surrendered on May 26, 1865, and Craig was pardoned on July 14, 1865, in Henderson, Texas. After the war he returned home to Handley, Texas, where he worked as a farmer and operated a fruit stand from 1887 to 1888. He died on January 15, 1903.